Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Source assessment : synthetic ammonia production /
Author Rawlings, G. D. ; Reznik., R. B.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Reznik, R. B.,
CORP Author Monsanto Research Corp., Dayton, Ohio.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, N.C.
Publisher Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Office of Energy, Minerals, and Industry, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory ; For sale by the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1977
Report Number EPA-600/2-77-107m; MRC-DA-736; EPA-68-02-1874; EPA-ROAP-21AXM-071
Stock Number 22161
OCLC Number 03831406
ISBN pbk.
Subjects Air--Pollution. ; Ammonia.
Additional Subjects Chemical industry ; Air pollution control ; Ammonia ; Scrubbers ; Sources ; Synthesis(Chemistry) ; Nitrogen oxides ; Carbon dioxide ; Process charting ; Design criteria ; Air pollution control equipment ; Combustion products ; Industrial wastes ; Revisions ; Manufacturing ; Performance evaluation ; Trends ; Forecasting ; Technology ; Hydrogen production ; Stationary sources
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-77-107m Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/28/2014
EJBD  EPA 600-2-77-107m Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 10/31/2016
EKBD  EPA-600/2-77-107m Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 07/04/2003
ESAD  EPA 600-2-77-107M Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-276 718 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation ix, 74 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
The report describes a study of air emissions from the production of synthetic ammonia. In 1976, 90 synthetic ammonia plants in 30 states produced 15.2 million metric tons of anhydrous ammonia. Ammonia is synthesized by the reaction of nitrogen and hydrogen. Most plants produce hydrogen by the catalytic steam reforming of natural gas. An average ammonia plant has a capacity of 180,000 metric tons/year. Plant air emissions result from regeneration of the desulfurization tank, from combustion in the primary reformer, from regeneration of the CO2 scrubbing solution, and from steam stripping of process condensate. On the average, emissions from the regeneration of the desulfurization tank are released for 10 hours, but only once every 30 days; emissions from the other sources are continuous during plant operation. These emission points are not controlled because no state or federal standards are exceeded. Process modifications have reduced air emissions and improved utilization of raw materials and energy. Potential environmental effects from ammonia plant emissions were measured: highest continuous source severities result from NOx emissions from the primary reformer (4.1), and ammonia emissions from the regeneration of the CO2 scrubbing solution (2.2) and from the condensate steam stripper (3.2). Annual ammonia production should increase by 4-8% through 1980. Industry emissions should also increase at this rate.
"November 1977." "EPA Task Officer: Ronald A. Venezia." Work prepared under Contract 68-02-1874, ROAP No. 21AXM-071, program element 1AB015. Includes bibliographical references (pages 59-63). "EPA-600/2-77-107m." "MRC-DA-736."