||Health costs of air pollution damages : a study of hospitalization costs /
Carpenter, Ben H.
||Research Triangle Inst., Research Triangle Park, N.C.;Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, N.C. Criteria and Special Studies Office.
|| U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Health Effects Research Laboratory,
||EPA 600/5-77/006; RTI-41U-768; EPA-68-01-0427
Air--Pollution--Economic aspects--Pennsylvania--Allegheny County. ;
Air--Pollution--Physiological effect--Pennsylvania--Allegheny County. ;
Hospital care--Rates--Pennsylvania--Allegheny County. ;
Air--Pollution--Pennsylvania--Allegheny County--Physiological effect. ;
Hospital care--Pennsylvania--Allegheny County--Rates
Health care costs ;
Air pollution ;
Public health ;
Benefit cost analysis ;
Economic analysis ;
Respiratory diseases ;
Cardiovascular diseases ;
Rates(Per time) ;
Statistical data ;
Air pollution economics ;
Air pollution effects(Humans) ;
Allegheny County(Pennsylvania) ;
Air quality ;
Data bases ;
Environmental health ;
Length of stay(Health care facilities)
||OCSPP Chemical Library/Washington,DC
||Region 4 Library/Atlanta,GA
||Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||ix, 66 p. : ill., maps ; 28 cm.
An investigation of the hospitalization costs of exposure to air pollution in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania was conducted to determine whether persons exposed to air pollution incurred higher incidences of hospitalization or additional costs for treatment. A hospitalization data-base comprising 37,818 total admissions for respiratory, suspect circulatory diseases, and control diseases was tested in a cross-section type analysis for relationships between rates of hospitalization, length of stay, and levels of air quality in the neighborhoods of patients' residence. Air quality was identified using data from 49 monitoring stations. Corrections were made in the analysis for race, age, sex. Respiratory and suspect circulatory system disease showed statistically significant increased hospitalization rates and lengths of stay for those exposed to higher levels of S02 and particulates compared to those from neighborhoods meeting air quality standards.
"EPA-600/5-77-006." EPA contract no. 68-01-0427. EPA project officer: Donald G. Gillette. Includes bibliographical references (p. 46-47).