Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Application of germanium detectors to environmental monitoring /
Author Nix, Dale W. ; Powers, Robert P. ; Kanipe, Larry G.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Powers, Robert P.,
Kanipe, Larry G.,
CORP Author Tennessee Valley Authority, Muscle Shoals, AL. Div. of Environmental Planning.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Energy, Minerals and Industry.
Publisher Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Office of Energy, Minerals, and Industry ; For sale by the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1979
Report Number EPA-600/7-79-054; TVA/EP-79/06
Stock Number PB80-113624
OCLC Number 05914670
Subjects Radioactive pollution--Measurement ; Germanium diodes
Additional Subjects Gamma ray spectroscopy ; Radiation measuring instruments ; Gamma spectrometers ; Performance evaluation ; Quality assurance ; Calibrating ; Sensitivity ; Cost analysis ; Ge semiconductor detectors ; High-purity Ge detectors ; Li-drifted Ge detectors ; Radiation monitoring ; Radiation monitors
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EHBD  EPA-600/7-79-054 CEMM/ACESD Library/Narragansett,RI 01/24/2011
EJBD  EPA 600-7-79-054 c.1 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 06/25/2013
EKBD  EPA-600/7-79-054 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 12/19/2003
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-7-79-054 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ESAD  EPA 600-7-79-054 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB80-113624 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation vi, 123 p. ; 28 cm.
Gamma-ray spectroscopy is one of the most economical and wide-ranging tools for monitoring the environment for radiological impact. This report examines the problems involved in applying germanium detectors to the analysis of environmental samples. All aspects of germanium spectroscopy--equipment, system installation, quality control, energy and efficiency calibration, spectral analysis, analytical sensitivities, and cost considerations--are surveyed. Germanium detectors can be used to achieve analytical sensitivities of less than 10 pCi/l (for water) for most radionuclides, often at a confidence level of 95 percent. Germanium detectors should be used to analyze environmental samples that may contain a complex mixture of radionuclides or unknown components because the resolution offered by germanium detectors is unexcelled in these applications. However, use of germanium detectors may not always be as economical as use of sodium iodide (NaI(Tl)) detectors.
Issued March 1979. Includes bibliographical references (p. 86-97). Interagency Agreement No. D7-E721, Project No. E-AP 79BDI, Program Element No. INE 625C.