Historical perspective and overview / Jim Wharfe -- Effective monitoring of the environment for toxicity / Ian Johnson, Paul Whitehouse, and Mark Crane -- The nature and chemistry of toxicants / Ulf Lidman -- Frameworks for the application of toxicity data / Maria Consuelo Diaz-Baez and Bernard J. Dutka -- The aquatic environment / William L. Goodfellow, Jr. -- Biological methods for assessing potentially contaminated soils / David J. Spurgeon, Claus Svendsen, and Peter K. Hankard -- Review of biomarkers and new techniques for in situ aquatic studies with bivalves / Francois Gagné and Christian Blaise -- Environmental monitoring for genotoxic compounds / Johan Bierkens, Ethel Brits, and Luc Verschaeve -- Approach to legislation in a global context : a UK perspective / Jim Wharfe -- The Netherlands perspective : soils and sediments / Michiel Rutgers and Piet Den Besten -- German perspective / Hans-Jèurgen Pluta and Monika Rosenberg -- USA perspective / Barbara Brown and Margarete Heber -- Case study : whole-effluent assessment using a combined biodegradation and toxicity approach / Graham F. Whale and Nigel S. Battersby -- Potential future developments in ecotoxicology / Wim de Coen [and others]. "As an integral component of environmental policy, it has become essential to regulate and monitor toxic substances. Key issues to be addressed include identification of pertinent tests, reproducibility and robustness of these tests, and cost considerations. This book examines these issues and describes and explains the approaches that have been developed for environmental toxicity evaluations. Advantages, benefits and drawbacks of the strategies and methods are highlighted." "Directed equally at ecotoxicologists, industrial chemists, analytical chemists and environmental consultants, this book is written in a way that will prove helpful to both new and experienced practitioners."--Jacket.