Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog
RECORD NUMBER: 22 OF 39
|OLS Field Name||OLS Field Data|
|Main Title||Long-Term Biological Data Sets: Their Role in Research, Monitoring, and Management of Estuarine and Coastal Marine Systems (Journal Version).|
|Author||Wolfe, D. A. ; Champ, M. A. ; Flemer, D. A. ; Mearns, A. J. ;|
|CORP Author||Environmental Research Lab., Gulf Breeze, FL. ;National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Rockville, MD. Ocean Assessments Div. ;National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.|
|Additional Subjects||Coasts ; Biology ; Ecology ; Sampling ; Biogeography ; Ecological succession ; Life cycles ; Habitability ; Data recording ; Planning ; Records management ; Statistical analysis ; Marine biology ; Reprints ; Ecosystems|
Long-term records of biological data are extremely valuable for documenting ecosystems changes, for differentiating natural changes from those caused by humans, and for generating and analyzing testable hypotheses. Long-term sampling, however, is generally discouraged by a variety of institutional disincentives, so that today such records are uncommon. Approaches for overcoming these disincentives through improved research planning and design are discussed, including clearer a priori definition of management and regulatory actions and information needs, more rigorous adherence to hypothesis formulation and testing, and proper spatial and temporal scaling in sampling. Prospective study design, in which the foregoing elements are essential for cost-effectiveness, and retrospective analysis, which relies on reconstruction of long-term records from existing data sets are delineated.