Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title The chemistry of 700 years of precipitation at Dye 3, Greenland /
Author Cragin, James H.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Herron, M.,
Langway, Chester C.,
Publisher Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory,
Year Published 1975
OCLC Number 01744138
Subjects Snow--Analysis. ; Ice--Greenland. ; Air--Pollution--Greenland. ; Water--Pollution--Greenland.
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ESBD  D103.2 CRREL 341 CPHEA/PESD Library/Corvallis,OR 08/16/2016 DISPERSAL
Collation 18 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm.
Contents Notes
Concentrations of sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, silicon, aluminum, lead and sulfate were measured in surface snow and in individual annual accumulation layers from a 373-m-deep ice core from Dye 3, Greenland (65 deg 12 min N, 43 deg 47 min W), covering the time period from 1232 to 1971 A.D. Average background (pre-1840) concentrations in micrograms/liter were determined. Observed concentrations of sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, silicon and aluminum can be adequately explained by relative abundances of these elements in seawater and terrestrial dust. Late 19th century annual ice layers contain twice as much sulfate as pre-1840 deposits, reflecting the increased use of fossil fuels in the Northern Hemisphere. Lead concentrations in post-1955 snow deposits are more than an order of magnitude greater than pre-1840 baseline concentrations and are attributed to smelting and the increased use of lead alkyls in gasoline.