The legacy of Yellowstone / Stan Stevens -- New alliances for conservation / Stan Stevens -- Consultation, co-management, and conflict in Sagarmatha (Mount Everest) National Park, Nepal / Stan Stevens -- Indigenous peoples and biosphere reserve conservation in the Mosquitia Rain Forest Corridor, Honduras / Peter H. Herlihy -- National parklands and northern homelands: toward co-management of national parks in Alaska and the Yukon / Paul G. Sneed -- The Uluöru-Kakadu model: joint management of aboriginal-owned national parks in Australia / Terry De Lacy and Bruce Lawson --Protecting indigenous coral reefs and sea territories, Miskito Coast, RAAN, Nicaragua / Bernard Nietschmann -- Reinforcing traditional tenure: wildlife management areas in Papua New Guinea / Peter Eaton -- Annapurna Conservation Area: empowerment, conservation, and development in Nepal / Stan Stevens -- Lessons and directions / Stan Stevens. For more than a century the creation of national parks and protected areas was a major threat to the survival of indigenous peoples. Parks based on wilderness ideals outlawed traditional ways of life and forced from their homelands peoples who had shaped and preserved local ecosystems for centuries. Conservation Through Cultural Survival chronicles and assesses cutting-edge efforts to establish new kinds of parks and protected areas that are based on partnerships with indigenous peoples. It provides detailed case studies from Nepal, Australia, Papua New Guinea, Nicaragua, Honduras, Canada, and Alaska, and offers guidelines, models, and recommendations for international action.