Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Waterborne Giardiasis in the United States 1965-1984.
Author Craun, G. F. ;
CORP Author Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Year Published 1986
Report Number EPA/600/J-86/201;
Stock Number PB87-181871
Additional Subjects Giardiasis ; Infectious diseases ; Gastrointestinal diseases ; Water pollution ; Water supply ; Disease vectors ; Diarrhea ; Reprints ;
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB87-181871 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/21/1988
Collation 4p
Ninety waterborne outbreaks and 23,776 cases of giardiasis have been reported in the United States through 1984. Approximately 69% of the outbreaks and 74% of the cases occurred in community water systems. Most outbreaks (57%) and cases (52%) resulted from the use of contaminated surface water which had not been treated or had been treated only by simple chlorination. Fifteen outbreaks (17%) and 7,440 cases (31%) were associated with operational problems on inadequate design of water filtration plants. A small but significant (15%) number of cases of giardiasis resulted from outbreaks caused by contamination of water mains through cross-connections, damage of mains, and repair of mains.