||Life cycle design of milk and juice packaging /
Spitzley, David V. ;
Keoleian, G. A. ;
||Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. National Pollution Prevention Center. ;Dow Chemical Co., Midland, MI.;National Risk Management Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH.
|| U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Risk Management Research Laboratory,
Milk containers--United States ;
Fruit juices--Packaging--United States ;
Product life cycle--United States
Food packaging ;
Service life ;
Design analysis ;
Raw materials ;
Solid waste disposal ;
Waste recycling ;
Waste management ;
Life cycle costs ;
Performance evaluation ;
Life cycle design ;
Pollution prevention ;
Life cycle assessment ;
Waste minimization ;
||Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown.
||78 pages ; 28 cm
The primary objective of this project was to develop design metrics and guidelines for environmental improvement of milk and juice packaging systems. Material production energy accounted for a large portion of the total life cycle energy for these systems. Conversely, postconsumer waste was responsible for a majority of their life cycle solid waste generation. Packaging systems were also evaluated with respect to key performance criteria, life cycle costs, and regulatory trends at the local, state, and national levels. Environmental preferable containers were identified, and tradeoffs and correlations between design criteria were highlighted.