Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Formamidine Pesticides Enhance Susceptibility to Kindled Seizures in Amygdala and Hippocampus of the Rat (Journal Version).
Author Gilbert, M. E. ;
CORP Author Northrop Services, Inc., Research Triangle Park, NC.;Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Publisher c1988
Year Published 1988
Report Number EPA/600/J-88/173;
Stock Number PB89-110563
Additional Subjects Pesticides ; Insecticides ; Toxicity ; Amygdala ; Hippocampus ; Kindling(Neurology) ; Laboratory animals ; Chlorine organic compounds ; Seizures ; Reprints ; Chlordimeform ; Amitraz ; Formamidine/N-(chloro-tolyl)-N-N-dimethyl ; Formamidine/N-methyl-N'-xylyl-N-(N-xylylformimidoyl)
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB89-110563 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 8p
Electrical kindling of the amygdala and hippocampus was used to evaluate the effects of two formamidines, chlordimeform (CDF) and amitraz (AMZ), upon seizure susceptibility in the rat. Male Long-Evans rats were implanted with electrodes in the amygdala or dorsal dentate gyrus, and injected i.p. daily with 40 mg/kg CDF, 50 mg/kg AMZ, or equal volumes of their respective vehicles. Afterdischarge (AD) thresholds were determined after the first injection. Animals were then stimulated twice daily, 2 and 4 hours postinjection, at a standard 200 micro A stimulus intensity until three stages 5 generalized seizures ensued. Both CDF and AMZ significantly facilitated amygdaloid kindling rate, and CDF also facilitated hippocampal kindling rate. The effects of AMZ on hippocampal kindling were not assessed. AD durations were prolonged in the formamidine-treated groups, but there was no effect on AD thresholds. The alpha-2 adrenergic agonist and/or local anesthetic-like properties of these compounds may be responsible for these seizure enhancing effects. (Copyright (c) Pergamon Press plc, 1988.)