Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title A survey of sulfate, nitrate, and acid aerosol emissions and their control /
Author Kircher, J. F. ; Putnam, A. A. ; Ball, D. A. ; Krause, H. H. ; Genco., J. M. ;
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Kircher, J. F.
CORP Author Battelle-Columbus Labs., Ohio.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, N.C.
Publisher Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development ; For sale by the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1977
Report Number EPA/600-7-77-041; EPA 600/7-78-013; EPA-68-02-1323
Stock Number 22161
OCLC Number 03160189
ISBN pbk.
Subjects Aerosols ; Air--Pollution
Additional Subjects Air pollution control ; Inorganic sulfates ; Inorganic nitrates ; Acids ; Aerosols ; Fluorides ; Industrial wastes ; Combustion products ; Revisions ; Chlorides ; Flue gases ; Field tests ; Pilot planes ; Plumes ; Gas analysis ; Fuels ; Sources ; Nitrogen oxides ; Sampling ; Chemical analysis ; Fly ash ; Fuel additives ; Chemical reactions ; Environmental surveys ; Stationary sources ; Homogeneous reactions ; Heterogeneous reactions ; Chemical reaction mechanisms
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD  EPA 600-7-77-041 c.1 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 02/06/2014
EKBD  EPA-600/7-77-041 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 06/20/2003
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-7-77-041 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ESAD  EPA 600-7-77-041 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-267 558 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation viii, 170 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
The report gives results of an evaluation of the effects of fuel and combustion modifications on the formation of primary acid aerosols (used broadly to include all sulfates, nitrates, chlorides, and fluorides in all their forms) and their significance as combustion-generated pollutants from large stationary sources. Primary acid aerosols are emitted directly from a source or formed (primarily by condensation reactants) in the immediate vicinity (0.5 mile); secondary aerosols, formed downstream in the plume, are not considered. Available, rather meager field data were collected and interpreted in view of current knowledge of mechanisms of formation of potential acid aerosols and their precursors. Although sulfates, nitrates, chlorides, and fluorides were considered, based on available data, only sulfates appear to be significant as primary acid aerosols. All of the various combustion modifications for NOx control are expected to have little effect on primary acid aerosol emissions, except perhaps firing with low excess air which has a potential to abate both NOx and acid aerosol emissions. Combustion modifications and fuel changes may lead to an increased formation of small particles which could increase the formation of acid aerosols through heterogeneous reactions. Most effects, however, are speculative due to the meager data available. Information gaps have been identified; further research is indicated.
Prepared by Battelle-Columbus Laboratories, Columbus, Ohio, under Contract no. 68-02-1323, Task no. 49, program element no. EHE624a ... "April 1977." "EPA/600-7-77-041." Includes appendix. Includes bibliographical references (pages 129-139).