Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Effects of Intratracheally Administered Coarse Mode Particles on Respiratory Tract Infection in Mice.
Author Aranyi, C. ; Graf, J. L. ; O'Shea, W. J. ; Graham, J. A. ; Miller, F. J. ;
CORP Author IIT Research Inst., Chicago, IL. Life Sciences Research Div.;Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Year Published 1983
Report Number EPA/600/J-83/282;
Stock Number PB85-176949
Additional Subjects Respiratory diseases ; Mice ; Laboratory animals ; Quartz ; Sodium feldspar ; Ferric oxide ; Calcium carbonate ; Reprints ; Particulates
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB85-176949 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 12p
Because coarse mode particles are rarely studied in their existing size ranges (greatest mass about 5-7 micrometers, aerodynamic diameter), the authors investigated the effects of four such particles, quartz, ferric oxide, calcium carbonate, and sodium feldspar, on host defenses against bacterial pulmonary infection. Mice which received intratracheal instillations of 10, 33, and 100 microgram/mouse were exposed within an hour to aerosols of viable Streptococcus, and pneumonia-induced mortality was measured. At 33 and 100 microgram/mouse, all particles significantly increased mortality. At the lower dose, only Fe2O3 caused a significant increase in mortality. To evaluate potential delayed effects, mice were challenged with the bacteria 24 h after exposure to 100 microgram particles/mouse. Delaying the challenge did not significantly alter the response, except for the sodium feldspar group for which a partial recovery was observed. When mice exposed to 100 microgram particles/mouse received aerosols of Klebsiella pneumoniae 24 h later, there was no significant effect on pulmonary bactericidal activity. For the model system used, it appears that Fe2O3, CaCO3, and sodium feldspar have effects roughly equivalent to quartz. (Copyright (c) Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., 1983.)