Part I. Introduction and background -- 1. Introduction and background / John A. Wiens -- 2. The phases of an oil spill and scientific studies of spill effects / Paul D. Boehn, Erich R. Gundlach, and David S. Page -- Part II. Oil in the environment -- 3. Oil in the water column / Paul D. Boehm, Jerry M. Neff, and David S. Page -- 4. Surveying oil on the shoreline / Edward H. Owens and P. Douglas Reimer -- 5. Ancient sites and emergency response: cultural resource protection / Chris B. Wooley and James C. Haggarty -- 6. Fate of oil on shorelines / David S. Page [and 4 others] -- 7. Understanding subsurface contamination using conceptual and mathematical models / Gary A. Pope, Kimberly D. Gordon, and James R. Bragg -- 8. Removal of oil from shorelines: biodegradation and bioremediation / Ronald M. Atlas and James R. Bragg -- Part III. Biological effects -- 9. Cytochrome P450 1A (CYP1A) as a biomarker in oil spill assessments / James T. Oris and Aaron P. Roberts -- 10. Assessing effects and recovery from environmental accidents / Keith R. Parker [and 3 others] -- 11. Shoreline biota / Erich R. Gundlach [and 3 others] -- 12. Oiling effects on pink salmon / Ernest L. Brannon [and 4 others] -- 13. Pacific herring / Walter H. Pearson [and 3 others] -- 14. Oil and marine birds in a variable environment / John A Wiens, Robert H. Day, and Stephen M. Murphy -- 15. Sea otters: trying to see the forest for the trees since the Exxon Valdez / David L. Garshells and Charles B. Johnson -- Part IV. Assessing oil spill effects and ecological recovery -- 16. Characterizing ecological risks, significance, and recovery / Mark A. Harwell, John H. Gentile, and Keith R. Parker -- Part V. Conclusions -- 17. Science and oil spills: the broad picture / John A. Wiens -- Index.