||Market Input/Output Studies: Task V. Benzene Consumption as a Solvent.
Neufeld, M. Lynne ;
Sittenfield, Marcus ;
Rowland, Henry ;
Hunsicker, Susan ;
||Auerbach Associates, Inc., Philadelphia, PA. ;Sittenfield (Marcus) and Associates, Philadelphia, PA.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Toxic Substances.
||AAI-2378/2379-105-FR-5; EPA-68-01-1996; EPA/560/6-77/034;
Chemical industry ;
Market surveys ;
Paint removers ;
Management planning ;
Rubber industry ;
Ethyl cellulose ;
||Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown.
This study was conducted to determine the current status of the industrial and consumer consumption of benzene as a solvent, and to identify where possible any impact on its use as a solvent due to the OSHA Emergency Benzene Standard (42 FR 27452, May 27, 1977). The report presents an overview of the technical and commercial history of benzene and a discussion of its marketing and distribution patterns into the small miscellaneous use market. Consumption processes and patterns of benzene use, both before and after the OSHA regulations, are examined in detail. Consideration is given to the use of benzene in formulated products, such as adhesives and paint removers, and to benzene consumption as a solvent and adjunct to manufacturing in processes such as esterification and azeotropic dehydration. Possible alternatives to the use of benzene are explored. Losses of benzene to the environment are analyzed and an estimate of their geographic distribution is given.