pt. 1. Philosophy and rationale of restoration. Restoration, community, and wilderness / William R. Jordan -- Another look at restoration : technology and artificial nature / Eric Katz -- Ecological restoration and the culture of nature : a pragmatic perspective / Andrew Light -- Restoring nature in American culture : an environmental aesthetic perspective / Cheryl Foster -- pt. 2. Conflict over which nature to restore -- The language of nature matters : we need a more public ecology / R. Bruce Hull and David P. Robertson -- Constructing nature as constructing science : expertise, activist science, and public conflict in the Chicago wilderness / Reid M. Helford -- Public values, opinions, and emotions in restoration controversies / Joanne Vining, Elizabeth Tyler, and Byoung-Suk Kweon -- Restoration, the value of participation, and the risks of professionalization / Andrew Light -- pt. 3. Making restoration happen : process and implementation -- Negotiating nature : making restoration happen in an urban park context / Paul H. Gobster and Susan C. Barro -- A people-centered approach to designing and managing restoration projects : insights from understanding attachment to urban natural areas / Robert L. Ryan -- Managing naturalness as a continuum : setting limits of acceptable change / Mark W. Brunson -- pt. 4. Making and maintaining restored environments. The restoration experience : volunteers' motives, values, and concepts of nature / Herbert W. Schroeder -- Psychological benefits of volunteering in stewardship programs / Robert E. Grese, Rachel Kaplan, Robert L. Ryan, and Jane Buxton -- Lessons for restoration in the traditions of stewardship : sustainable land management in northern New Mexico / Carol Raish -- Conclusion : Which nature? / R. Bruce Hull and David P. Robertson.