||Environmental assessment of an enhanced oil recovery steam generator equipped with a low-NOx burner /
Castaldini, Carlo. ;
Waterland, L. R. ;
Lips, H. I.
||Acurex Corp., Mountain View, CA. Energy and Environmental Div.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Air and Energy Engineering Research Lab.
|| U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Air and Energy Engineering Research Laboratory,
||EPA-600/7-86-003a; EPA-600/7-86-003b; ACUREX/TR-84-161/EE; EPA-68-02-3188
Flue gases--Measurement ;
Nitrogen oxides ;
Oil recovery ;
Air pollution control ;
Flue gases ;
Combustion products ;
Industrial wastes ;
Chemical analysis ;
Carbon monoxide ;
Sulfur dioxide ;
Sulfur trioxide ;
Environmental impact assessments ;
Low nitrogen oxides concentric firing systems ;
Enhanced recovery ;
Air pollution detection ;
Air pollution sampling ;
Continuous emission monitoring systems ;
SASS train impinger systems
||Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC
||Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown.
||2 v. : ill., charts , facsims. ; 28 cm.
The report discusses results from sampling flue gas from an enhanced oil recovery steam generator (EOR steamer) equipped with an MHI PM low-NOx burner. The tests included burner performance/emission mapping tests, comparative testing of an identical steamer equipped with a conventional burner, and comprehensive testing of the low-NOx-burner-equipped steamer. Comprehensive test measurements included continuous flue gas monitoring; source assessment sampling system testing with subsequent laboratory analysis to give total flue gas organics in two boiling point ranges and specific quantitation on the semivolatile organic priority pollutants; C1 to C6 hydrocarbon sampling; Methods 5/8 sampling for particulate and SO2 and SO3 emissions; and emitted particle size distribution tests using Andersen impactors. Full-load NOx emissions of 110 ppm (3% O2) could be maintained from the low-NOx burner at acceptable CO and smoke emissions, compared to about 300 ppm (3% O2) from the conventional-burner-equipped steamer. At the low-NOx condition, CO, SO2, and SO3 emissions were 93, 594, and 3.1 ppm, respectively. Particulate emissions were 39 mg/dscm with a mean particle diameter of 3 to 4 micrometers. Total organic emissions were 11.1 mg/dscm, almost exclusively volatile (C1 to C6) organics. Three PAHs were detected at from 0.1 to 1.4 micrograms/dscm.
"February 1986." Final. "EPA Project Officer: R.E. Hall". "Prepared for Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards; prepared by Air and Energy Engineering Research Laboratory"--Cover. Includes bibliographical references. "EPA/600/7-86-003a"--V. I. "EPA/600/7-86-003b"--V. II.
V. I. Technical results -- V. II. Data supplement.