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Main Title Environmental and economic comparison of advanced processes for conversion of coal and biomass into clean energy /
Author Stenzel, R. A. ; Kown, B. T. ; Weekes, M. C. ; Gilbert, B. R. ; Harper, C. M.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Kown, B. T.
Weekes, M. C.
Gilbert, B. R.
Harper, C. M.
Ruby, J. D.
Yim, Y. J.
Milligan, R. T.
CORP Author Bechtel National, Inc., San Francisco, CA.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory,
Year Published 1980
Report Number PB81-234239
Stock Number PB81-234239
OCLC Number 727064569
Subjects Coal-fired power plants--Environmental aspects ; Coal-fired power plants--Economic aspects ; Biomass energy industries--Environmental aspects ; Biomass energy industries--Economic aspects
Additional Subjects Coal gasification ; Biomass ; Economic impact ; Environmental impacts ; Comparison ; Wood ; Electric power plants ; Anaerobic processes ; Straw ; Industrial wastes ; Combustion products ; Fuels ; Capitalized costs ; Operating costs ; Technology ; Coal liquefaction ; Manure
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ESAD  EPA 600-7-81-133 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 06/01/2011
NTIS  PB81-234239 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation xx, 380 p. : ill., charts ; 28 cm.
Biomass and coal conversion into clean energy is compared on an economic and environmental basis in three regional scenarios: (1) electric power from direct combustion of wood versus conventional coal combustion in the South Central U.S., (2) synthetic pipeline gas from anaerobic digestion of wheat straw and manure versus high-Btu gasification of coal (HYGAS) in the Midwest, and (3) synthetic fuel oil from wood liquefaction versus coal liquefaction (H-Coal) in the Northeast. Conceptual commercial-scale plants are described. Capital and operating costs are presented for each of the six plants, and the biomass versus coal economics are compared. General environmental impacts of biomass and coal resource collection are assessed and compared in the scenario contexts. Plant environmental emissions were estimated where possible, and relative environmental impacts are discussed. Conclusions are given about the conversion concepts which seem the more promising routes to clean energy, and areas needing further study are identified.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 325-328). "July 1980"--T.p. "Aug 81"--Cover. "PB81-234239." "Contract No. 68-02-2616"--T.p. "Project Officer, Thomas J. Powers"--T.p.