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Main Title Predicting the Toxicity of Bulk Sediments to Aquatic Organisms with Aqueous Test Fractions: Pore Water versus Elutriate.
Author Ankley, G. T. ; Schubauer-Berigan, M. K. ; Dierkes, J. R. ;
CORP Author Environmental Research Lab., Duluth, MN. ;AScI Corp., Duluth, MN.
Publisher c1991
Year Published 1991
Report Number EPA/600/J-92/045 ;TR-03-91;
Stock Number PB92-150606
Additional Subjects Water pollution effects(Animals) ; Toxicity ; Sediments ; Pore water ; Benthos ; Bioassay ; Sediment water interfaces ; Elution ; Exposure ; Adsorption ; Aquatic animals ; Reprints ; Elutriates
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB92-150606 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 10p
The objective of the research was to evaluate the acute toxicity of bulk sediment vs. pore water or elutriate to fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas), cladocerans (Ceriodaphnia dubia), amphipods (Hyalella azteca), and oligochaetes (Lumbriculus variegatus). A total of 29 different samples from seven sites were used for this analysis. In most instances, pore water was more toxic than corresponding elutriate. Based on the results of the assays, pore water, but not elutriate, was an effective test fraction for predicting the presence of bulk sediment toxicity; however, there were a number of observations of pore water toxicity in the absence of bulk sediment toxicity. Data from the study concerning the sensitivity of Pimephales promelas, Hyalella azteca, and Lumbriculus variegatus to bulk sediment vs. pore water or elutriate suggest that upper-water-column species are inappropriate organisms for use in bulk sediment tests focused on evaluating in situ toxicity to benthic species. Hyalella azteca was the most sensitive and Lumbriculus variegatus the least sensitive species evaluated.