||Technical development document for the final regulations addressing cooling water intake structures for new facilities /
||Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Water.
|| U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Steam power-plants--Cooling ;
Electric power-plants--Cooling--Environmental aspects ;
Cooling water ;
Intake systems ;
Cost estimates ;
Economic impact ;
Electric generators ;
Manufacturing plants ;
Environmental impacts ;
Cooling systems ;
Dry cooling ;
||Received from HQ
||Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown.
||1 v. (various pagings) : ill. ; 28 cm.
Facilities regulated under the final 316(b) New Facility Rule are new greenfield and stand alone electric generators and manufacturing facilities that operate a new cooling water intake structure (CWIS) (or a CWIS whose design capacity is increased), require a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit, have a design intake flow of equal to or greater than two million gallons per day (MGD), and use at least 25 percent of their intake water for cooling purposes. The overall costs and economic impacts of the final rule depend on the number of new facilities subject to the rule and on the planned characteristics (i.e., construction, design, location and capacity) of their CWISs. The projection of the number and characteristics of new facilities represents baseline conditions in the absence of the rule and identifies the facilities that will be subject to the final 316(b) New Facility Rule.
"EPA-821-R-01-036." "November 2001."