||Flood Waves from a Controlled Breached Dam.
Harbaug, T. E. ;
Frea, D. L. ;
||Missouri Water Resources Research Center, Rolla.
||DI-14-31-0001-3225; OWRR-A-035-MO; 01335,; A-035-MO(1)
( Floods ;
Earth dams) ;
( Earth dams ;
Flood control ;
Soil erosion ;
Mathematical models ;
Open channel flow ;
Breached dams ;
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A conceptual method to alleviate flood damages due to overtopping failures of small earthfill dams is the incorporation of a relatively thin erosion retarding layer within the dam. This paper investigates the reduction in the reservoir release due to the hypothetical erosion retarding layer. The paper also provides a method for the determination of an optimal location of the layer so as to minimize the maximum possible reservoir release due to a gradually breached earth dam. The transient reservoir flow is simulated by numerical model, based upon the solution of the one-dimensional St. Venant unsteady open-channel flow equations. These equations are solved by the method of characteristics, with appropriate boundary conditions incorporated into the solution procedure. The numerical simulation model is used to determine the reduction in reservoir release due to a single retarding layer and its optimal location for a wide range of pertinent geometric, hydraulic and dynamic parameters. The sensitivity of the results to variations in the above parameters is discussed. (Author)