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Main Title Economic Evaluation of Limestone and Lime Flue-Gas-Desulfurization Processes.
Author Burnett, T. A. ; Stephenson, C. D. ; Sudhoff, F. A. ; Veitch, J. D. ;
CORP Author Tennessee Valley Authority, Muscle Shoals, AL. Div. of Energy Demonstrations and Technology.
Year Published 1983
Report Number EPA-600/7-83-029 ;TVA/OP/EDT-82/6;
Stock Number DE84900344
Additional Subjects Flue Gas ; Lime-Limestone Wet Scrubbing Processes ; Additives ; Adipic Acid ; Adsorbents ; Desulfurization ; Economic Analysis ; Efficiency ; Experimental Data ; Fossil-Fuel Power Plants ; Kentucky ; Removal ; Scrubbers ; Sulfur Dioxide ; Tennessee Valley Authority ; ERDA/010800 ; ERDA/200202
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  DE84900344 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 322p
The preliminary-grade economics (accuracy: -15%, +30%) of various alternative limestone scrubbing options (absorber type, with and without forced oxidation, and with and without adipic acid enhancemet) are examined using the current design and economic premises established for the continuing series of economic evaluations performed by TVA for EPA. The economics are projected using the Shawnee lime/limestone computer model, which is based on long-term operating data from the EPA Alkali Scrubbing Test Facility at the TVA Shawnee Steam Plant near Paducah, Kentucky. The capital investment for the base-case limestone scrubbing process (500 MW, 3.5% sulfur coal, 1979 NSPS, spray tower, forced oxidation, landfill) is $206/kW. The first-year and levelized annual revenue requirements are 10.59 and 15.09 mills/kWh, respectively. Costs for the equivalent limestone scrubbing process using a Turbulent Contact Absorber (TCA) are lower while those for the venturi - spray tower absorber are higher. The forced-oxidation landfill disposal option has a lower capital investment than the unoxidized pond disposal option for all cases studied; however, the first-year and levelized annual revenue requirements are slightly higher for the forced-oxidation landfill process for most coal applications. For the spray tower limestone process to achieve a specified SO sub 2 removal efficiency, it is more economical to increase the limestone stoichiometry and minimize the absorber L/G. The use of adipic acid or possibly dibasic acid (DBA) as an additive to enhance SO sub 2 removal in the limestone scrubbing process is an economically attractive option. The use of adipic acid remains economically attractive even if both a high unit cost and a high degradation factor for adipic acid are assumed. 176 references, 35 figures, 56 tables. (ERA citation 09:004335)