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Main Title Time-Dependent Neurobiological Effects of Colchicine Administered Directly into the Hippocampus of Rats (Journal Version).
Author Tilson, H. A. ; Rogers, B. C. ; Grimes, L. ; Harry, G. J. ; Peterson, N. J. ;
CORP Author Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC. ;National Inst. of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC. ;North Carolina Univ. at Chapel Hill.
Publisher c1987
Year Published 1987
Report Number EPA/600/J-87/419;
Stock Number PB89-105944
Additional Subjects Neurobiology ; Colchicine ; Hippocampus ; Animal behavior ; Avoidance learning ; Pathology ; Dynorphin ; Methionine enkephalin ; Alkaloids ; Motor activity ; Startle reaction ; Reprints ;
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB89-105944 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 11p
Rats were given bilateral injections of colchicine into the dorsal and ventral hippocampus. Behavioral, neurochemical and histopathological measurements were taken up to 12 weeks after surgery. Colchicine produced a consistent increase in spontaneous motor activity, enhanced acoustic startle reactivity, and accelerated acquisition of two-way shuttle box avoidance, but did not affect reactivity to a noxious thermal stimulus. Measurement of dynorphin in the hippocampus indicated that colchicine rapidly depleted this neuropeptide, which is thought to be contained preferentially in the mossy fibers of granule cells of the hippocampus. Colchicine also decreased metenkephalin in the hippocampus, but the magnitude of the change (22%) was less than that (89% depletion) observed for hippocampal dynorphin. Examination of hippocampal morphology using light microscopic techniques indicated that colchicine caused approximately 60% degeneration of granule cells in the hippocampus. (Copyright (c) 1987 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V.)