Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Comparison of Risks and Costs of Hazardous Waste Alternatives: Methods Development and Pilot Studies.
Author Lawless, E. W. ; Lapp, T. W. ; Ferguson, T. L. ; Kelso, G. L. ; Ellis, H. V. ;
CORP Author Midwest Research Inst., Kansas City, MO. ;Sobotka and Co., Inc., Washington, DC.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Policy Analysis.
Year Published 1984
Report Number EPA-68-01-6558; EPA/230/02-86/009;
Stock Number PB86-158912
Additional Subjects Hazardous materials ; Risk ; Public health ; Substitutes ; Pilot plants ; Cost analysis ; Exposure ; Dosage ; Feasibility ; Toxicity ; Waste management ; Transport properties ; Mercury(Metal) ; Carbon tetrachloride ; Soils ; Health risk ; Environmental health ; Resource Conservation and Recovery Act ; Case studies ; Dioxin(Herbicides)
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB86-158912 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/21/1988
Collation 1083p
The report was designed to illustrate the extent to which the assessment of risks was feasible for programs under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), using state-of-the-art methodologies and available data, with a focus on land disposal. The project examines whether changes in health risks could be estimated as a hazardous waste stream is shifted from one disposal technology to another. To determine whether the methodology could be applied in realistic situations, the report includes three case studies, with four or five management options appropriate for each. The case study wastes are mercury-contaminated brine muds from chlorine production, distillation residues from production of carbon tetrachloride, and dioxin contaminated soil. Potential sources, probabilities and magnitudes of releases are identified, along with their movement through all environmental media to estimate potential exposures at any point. Dose-response functions for each health effect are then combined with estimates of population distribution to yield risk estimates for the most exposed individual and the total number of cases over 200 years. Uncertainty analysis is applied to the health risk estimates, using a propagation of errors approach. Costs of installing and operating each alternative also are estimated.