Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Price, Demand, Cost, and Revenue in Urban Water Utilities.
CORP Author Hittman Associates, Inc., Columbia, Md.
Year Published 1970
Report Number HIT-474; DI-14-31-0001-3168; OWRR-C-1790; 01837,; C-1790(1)
Stock Number PB-195 929
Additional Subjects ( Water services ; Economic analysis) ; Demand(Economics) ; Rates(Costs) ; Statistical analysis ; Revenue ; Classifications ; Surveys ; Michigan ; Detroit(Michigan) ; Rosedale(Michigan)
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB-195 929 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 104p
The effects of rate-making policy on urban water utilities were investigated, including relationships between price, demand, cost, and revenue. The findings of other investigators were reviewed and analyzed, particularly estimates of the price elasticity of municipal water demands. Data were collected directly from 46 urban water utilities. Statistical methods were used to develop functional expressions for mean, maximum day, and peak hour demand; operating cost; and various classes of revenue. These functional expressions were incorporated into a general economic model of urban water utilities. Two case studies were performed using the economic model, based on data from Detroit and Roseville, Michigan. The case studies were used to illustrate the effect of a postulated rate increase on demand, cost, and revenue. Other applications of the economic model are described, including investigations of the distribution of demand, cost, and revenue among various classes of water users under alternate pricing strategies. Functional expressions for water demands were compared with those developed by other investigators. Operating cost functions and revenue functions incorporate correlations not previously reported. (Author)