Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Competitive Implications of Environmental Regulation in the Laundry Detergent Industry.
Author M. T. Johnson ; B. Marcus
CORP Author Management Inst. for Environment and Business, Washington, DC.; Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Policy, Planning and Evaluation.
Year Published 1996
Stock Number PB2012-109433
Additional Subjects Environmental impact ; Detergents ; Industries ; Soaps ; Households ; Manufacturers ; Costs ; Market ; Competition ; Performance ; Developing countries ; Regulations
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB2012-109433 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 10/24/2012
Collation 23p
Laundry detergent is used in millions of households around the world to remove soils and stains from fabrics. Although soap has been used since ancient times to wash laundry, the first commercial detergents were not produced for household use until just after World War II. In the following years, the production of laundry detergent grew rapidly into a worldwide industry, mature in developed countries, but still expanding in developing regions. By the mid-1990s, the industry had become extremely competitive. The primary method available to manufacturers to gain market share was the introduction of new or reformulated products. Manufacturers competed primarily on performance, cost, and environmental attributes.