Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Field manual for coral reef assessments /
Author D. L. Santavy ; W. S. Fisher ; J. G. Campbell ; R. L. Quarles
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Santavy, Deborah L.
CORP Author National Health and Environmental Effects Research Lab., Gulf Breeze, LA. Gulf Ecology Div.
Publisher Gulf Ecology Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 2012
Report Number 600R12029; EPA/600/R-12/029
Stock Number PB2013-103271
OCLC Number 893608569
Subjects Coral reefs and islands--Environmental aspects--Handbooks, manuals, etc. ; Coral reef conservation--Handbooks, manuals, etc.
Additional Subjects Coral reefs ; Assessments ; Human activity ; Integrity ; Quality of water ; Habitat ; Watersheds ; Coastal zones ; Clean Water Act(CWA)
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EKCD  EPA/600/R-12/029 CEMM/GEMMD Library/Gulf Breeze,FL 06/19/2018
NTIS  PB2013-103271 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 04/04/2019
Collation vii, 80 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 28 cm
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is concerned over the decline of coral reefs in U.S. jurisdictions and around the world. Coral reefs provide citizens a variety of aesthetic and tangible benefits. When human activity impairs the physical, chemical or biological integrity of a waterbody containing a coral reef, it contradicts the goals of the Clean Water Act (Figure 1-1). Many national, state and local policies protect the quality of water and habitat in U.S. watersheds and coastal zones. Despite these policies, reefs have declined dramatically over the last forty years, particularly in the Caribbean and western Atlantic Ocean (Gardner et al. 2003). EPA has initiated two research programs with potential to improve coral reef protection. The Safe and Sustainable Water Resources Program (SSWR) supports development of coral reef biological criteria. Research is focused on developing methods and tools to support implementation of legally defensible biological standards for maintaining biological integrity, which is protected by the Clean Water Act (CWA). Under CWA authority and following national guidelines established by EPA (CWA 303), States and other jurisdictions promulgate water quality standards to protect the physical, chemical and biological integrity of the nations water bodies. States currently apply physical and chemical standards at levels intended to be protective of aquatic biological inhabitants. More recently, the importance of biological standards are gaining acceptance. Biological standards have the benefit of directly measuring the cumulative effects of good and poor environmental conditions on the biological community. Because the CWA is intended to protect aquatic resources from changes generated by human activities (not from natural changes in the environment), the anticipated outcome is regulatory protection that sustains reef condition equal or similar to a natural state.
"April 2012." "EPA/600/R-12/029" Includes bibliographical references.