Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Heavy metal pollution from spillage at ore smelters and mills /
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Brugger, John E.
CORP Author Calspan Corporation.
Publisher Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory ; Available through the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1977
Report Number EPA-600/2-77-171; CALSPAN-ND-5189-M-1; EPA-68-01-0726
Stock Number PB-272 639
OCLC Number 03332363
Subjects Hazardous substances ; Water quality ; Surface waters ; Water Pollution ; Hazardous materials
Additional Subjects Metal industry ; Water pollution ; Heavy metals ; Smelting ; Beneficiation ; Copper ores ; Zinc ores ; Lead ores ; Water analysis ; Chemical analysis ; Sampling ; Drainage ; Tailings ; Slags ; Sediments ; Biomass ; Aquatic biology ; Thallium ; Cadmium ; Arsenic ; Indium ; Ecology ; Streams ; Surface water runoff ; Trace elements ; Dust ; Toxicity ; Fly ash ; Transport properties ; Water pollution control ; Separation ; Water pollution sampling ; Mine wastes ; Water pollution effects(Plants) ; Water pollution effects(Animals)
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD  EPA 600-2-77-171 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 09/18/2014
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-77-171 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ELBD  EPA 600-2-77-171 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 09/09/2016
ESAD  EPA 600-2-77-171 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-272 639 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 109 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
Smelter and mill wastewater outfalls, receiving water, biota, slag heaps, tailings ponds, streams, and coal-burning fly ash dumps were sampled as part of this effort to determine the effect of effluent or residual spillage on aquatic systems. Up to 17% lead, 0.1% cadmium and 5 ppm thallium were found in sediments of streams used for irrigation and drinking water below copper and zinc extractive industries in high runoff regions. Groundwater infiltration in the Northwest and Ozarks provides mine drainage water which is used as process water in mills. This water transports potentially toxic wastes into naturally erosive bottom sediments thereby contaminating the food chain. Prevention techniques recommended here include separation of waste streams, protection of tailing dams from flood erosion, and recycle of mill and smelter wastewater. Excess water discharged can be treated with lime at elevated pH to precipitate heavy metals and to prevent leaching of sediment already in streams.
Prepared under contract no. 68-01-0726. Issued August 1977.