Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Avoidance Behavior of Mallards and Northern Bobwhite Exposed to Carbofuran-Contaminated Food and Water.
Author Kononen, D. W. ; Hochstein, J. R. ; Ringer, R. K. ;
CORP Author Michigan State Univ., East Lansing.;Corvallis Environmental Research Lab., OR.
Publisher c1987
Year Published 1987
Report Number EPA/600/J-87/540;
Stock Number PB91-146316
Additional Subjects Animal behavior ; Toxicology ; Carbofuran ; Avoidance learning ; Dose-response relationships ; Tables(Data) ; Food contamination ; Potable water ; Reprints ; Northern bobwhite ; Mallards ; Colinus virginianus ; Anas platyrhynchos
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB91-146316 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 10p
Food and water avoidance experiments were conducted on mallards (Anas platyrhynchos L.) and northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus L.) exposed to a range of dietary carbofuran concentrations. A dietary avoidance concentration 50 (analogous to an LC50) was calculated for each avoidance experiment. The statistic describes the dietary toxicant concentration threshold at which, when exceeded, exposed animals are likely to discriminate between untreated and treated feed or water. The food avoidance concentration 50s (FAC50s) for mallards and bobwhite were 10 and 159 ppm, respectively. The water avoidance concentration 50(WAC50) for mallards was 3 ppm. For bobwhite the WAC50 for carbofuran was estimated to exceed 50 ppm. (Copyright (c) 1987 SETAC.)