||Global trade and fuels assessment : additional ECA modeling scenarios /
||RTI International, Chicago, IL.; EnSys Energy & Systems Inc.; Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Transportation and Air Quality.
|| U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Transportation and Air Quality, Assessment and Standards Division,
Marine engines--Fuel consumption. ;
Marine engines--Standards--United States. ;
Marine diesel motors. ;
Diesel motor exhaust gas. ;
Air quality--Standards--United States. ;
Air--Pollution--Law and legislation--United States.
Global trade ;
Global limits ;
Fuel sulfur levels ;
Exhaust emission rates ;
Emission Control Area (ECA)
||PDF file on file
||NVFEL Library/Ann Arbor, MI
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||1 online resource (63 pages) : illustrations, charts
The objective of this report is to supplement the prior work with additional analysis and refinery modeling to support EPAs ECA implementation analyses. First, RTI revised intra-ECA fuel consumption estimates to include estimates generated by Environment Canada (EC) and innocent passage of ships bound for U.S. ports in Canadian waters. The original analysis included only innocent passage of U.S.-flagged ships off the coast of British Columbia. EC provided RTI with fuel consumption estimates based on Canadian port calls. RTI included this data in the ECA fuel consumption estimates and new innocent passage estimates for U.S.-related voyages passing in Canadian waters. This revised fuel consumption demand for both the United States and Canada was supplied to EnSys for additional WORLD modeling cases. Second, this new study and report were to reassess the potential cost and other impacts of a U.S. and Canadian ECA under updated assumptions and recognizing current uncertainty in the outlook for the world oil market and refining. The original 2007 Study analyzed scenarios against horizons of 2012 and 2020. This new 2008 study focused solely on 2020 but incorporated ECA analyses against two global projections for 2020, one based on the Energy Information Administration (EIA) International Energy Outlook 2008 (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), 2008) reference case and the second on the corresponding high price case. The results from additional modeling scenarios provide projections of the cost, refining, and CO2 emissions impacts of a U.S. and Canadian ECA in the year 2020 and against two different world oil price, supply, and demand outlooks.
Title from title screen (viewed on Oct. 7, 2011). "EPA-420-R-09-009." "May 2009." "EPA contract no. EP-C-08-008, RTI project number 0211577.002.002." Includes bibliographical references.