Record Display for the EPA National Library CatalogRECORD NUMBER: 30 OF 45
|Main Title||Plan for a Research Program on Aerosol Radiative Forcing and Climate Change.|
|CORP Author||National Research Council, Washington, DC. Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate.;National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA.|
|Publisher||17 Apr 96|
|Report Number||BASC-U-93-01-A ;ISBN-0-309-05429-X;|
|Additional Subjects||Greenhouse gases ; Aerosols ; Climate change ; Anthropogenic sources ; Atmospheric radiation ; Solar radiation ; Atmospheric chemistry ; Environmental transport ; Troposphere ; Stratosphere ; Environmental effects ; General circulation models ; Climate models ; Forcing functions ; Monitoring ; Cloud physics ; Ice formation ; Heat flux ; Sensitivity analysis ; Uncertainty analysis ; Research projects ; Radiative forcing ; Chemical transport model ; ICARUS program|
The panel's main findings are that (1) anthropogenic aerosols reduce the amount of solar radiation reaching the Earth's surface, (2) anthropogenic aerosols provide a negative climate forcing function for large regions, (3) global models suggest that sulfate aerosols produce a direct forcing in the Northern Hemisphere of the same order of magnitude as that from anthropogenic greenhouse gases, but opposite in sign, and (4) there is substantial uncertainty about the magnitude and spatial distribution of the radiative forcing by aerosols.