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Main Title The environmental advantages of cities : countering commonsense antiurbanism /
Author Meyer, William B.
Publisher MIT Press,
Year Published 2013
OCLC Number 812791704
ISBN 9780262019040 (hbk. : alk. paper); 0262019043 (hbk. : alk. paper); 9780262518468 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0262518465 (pbk. : alk. paper)
Subjects Urban ecology (Sociology) ; Urbanization--Environmental aspects. ; Sustainable urban development. ; Climatic changes--Social aspects. ; Villes--Aspect environnemental. ; Urbanisme durable. ; Climat--Changements--Aspect social.
Internet Access
Description Access URL
http://mitpress-ebooks.mit.edu/product/environmental-advantages-cities
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
EIAM  HT241.M49 2013 Region 2 Library/New York,NY 07/15/2013
ESAM  HT241.M49 2013 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 08/26/2013
Collation ix, 234 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm.
Notes
Includes bibliographical references (p. [191]-222) and index.
Contents Notes
Introduction -- Ecological disruption -- Resource consumption -- Pollution -- Natural hazards -- Technological hazards -- Infectious disease -- Human habitat -- Conclusion. "Conventional wisdom about the environmental impact of cities holds that urbanization and environmental quality are necessarily at odds. Cities are seen to be sites of ecological disruption, consuming a disproportionate share of natural resources, producing high levels of pollution, and concentrating harmful emissions precisely where the population is most concentrated. Cities appear to be particularly vulnerable to natural disasters, to be inherently at risk from outbreaks of infectious diseases, and even to offer dysfunctional and unnatural settings for human life. In this book, William Meyer tests these widely held beliefs against the evidence. Borrowing some useful terminology from the public health literature, Meyer weighs instances of 'urban penalty' against those of 'urban advantage.' He finds that many supposed urban environmental penalties are illusory, based on commonsense preconceptions and not on solid evidence. In fact, greater degrees of 'urbanness' often offer advantages rather than penalties. The characteristic compactness of cities, for example, lessens the pressure on ecological systems and enables resource consumption to be more efficient. On the whole, Meyer reports, cities offer greater safety from environmental hazards (geophysical, technological, and biological) than more dispersed settlement does. In fact, the city-defining characteristics widely supposed to result in environmental penalties do much to account for cities' environmental advantages. As of 2008 (according to U.N. statistics), more people live in cities than in rural areas. Meyer's analysis clarifies the effects of such a profound shift, covering a full range of environmental issues in urban settings"--Page 4 of cover.