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Main Title Twenty Years of Ozone Decline Proceedings of the Symposium for the 20th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol / [electronic resource] :
Author Zerefos, Christos.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Contopoulos, Georgios.
Skalkeas, Gregory.
Publisher Springer Netherlands,
Year Published 2009
Call Number GE1-350
ISBN 9789048124695
Subjects Environmental sciences ; Climatic changes ; Environmental protection ; Environmental chemistry ; Physical geography
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Collation XII, 470 p. online resource.
Due to license restrictions, this resource is available to EPA employees and authorized contractors only
Contents Notes
Opening Ceremony -- Welcome Address -- Statement from the Executive Secretary for the Vienna Convention and the Montreal Protocol -- Opening Address -- Science Inspiring Diplomacy: The Improbable Montreal Protocol -- Keynote Speeches -- Stratospheric Ozone Depletion -- Atmospheric N2O Releases from Biofuel Production Systems: A Major Factor Against "CO2 Emission Savings": A Global View -- The Long History of Ozone Measurements and the Early Search for Signs of a Trend -- The History of Total Ozone Measurements; the Early Search for Signs of a Trend and an Update -- The Long History of Ozone: Analyses of Recent Measurements -- The Long History of Ozone Measurements: Climatological Information Derived from Long Ozone Records -- Ozone Measurements -- International Multi-Instruments Ground-Based Networks: Recent Developments Within the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Changes -- International Balloon Measurements for Ozone Research -- The Role of Airborne Science in the Study of Polar Ozone -- Role of Satellite Measurements in the Discovery of Stratospheric Ozone Depletion -- Estimating When the Antarctic Ozone Hole will Recover -- The European Arctic Ozone Campaigns -- Operational Monitoring of the Antarctic Ozone Hole: Transition from GOME and SCIAMACHY to GOME-2 -- An Overview of Strategic Ozone Sounding Networks: Insights into Ozone Budgets, UT/LS Processes and Tropical Climate Signatures -- Global Observations-The Key to Model Development and Improved Assessments -- Ozone and Climate-Dynamics -- The Rise and Fall of Dynamical Theories of the Ozone Hole -- Investigations of Climate-Ozone Connections with Coupled Climate-Chemistry Models (CCMs): Another Step Forward -- Stratospheric Ozone Depletion and Tropospheric Chemistry -- Tropospheric Ozone Climate-Chemistry Interaction: Aspects of Climate Changes -- Metrics for Ozone and Climate: Three-Dimensional Modeling Studies of Ozone Depletion Potentials and Indirect Global Warming Potentials -- Stratosphere-Troposphere Interactions in a Chemistry-Climate Model -- Winter Ozone Transport Variations and the Montreal Protocol Impact as Revealed by the Total Ozone Ground-Based Measurements over the Russian Territory in 1973-2005 -- Solar Ultraviolet Measurements and Effects -- Solar UV: Measurements and Trends -- Ozone and Ultraviolet Radiation: Informing the Public -- A Contemporary Strategy for Sun Exposure -- Initiatives - Recent Reports -- Findings from the 2006 Ozone Scientific Assessment for the Montreal Protocol -- SPARC Science Supporting the Montreal Protocol -- Industry and the Importance of Science to Business -- How Science Guides Industry Choice of Alternatives to Ozone-Depleting Substances -- The Importance of Chemical Substitutes to Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) -- Perspectives on the Roles of Science, Scientific Assessments, the Science/Policy Interface and Industry -- The Role of Financial Assistance by the Multilateral Fund in Technology Change to Protect the Ozone Layer -- Conclusion -- Athens Statement. This book includes articles presented by leading scientists in the ozone field at the Symposium for the 20th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol, jointly organized by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the International Ozone Commission (IO3C), the Academy of Athens and the Mariolopoulos-Kanaginis Foundation, held in Athens in September 2007. His Excellency Ban Ki-moon, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, recently stated: "The success of the Montreal Protocol shows us that there are global instruments that can help curb the impact of human activities on the global environment. We should draw lessons from this experience, and strive to replicate it." This book responds by including the history, science and lessons learned by the application of the Montreal Protocol over the past twenty years. Expressed views come from three Nobel laureates, sixty scientists and representatives of international organizations and industry. Many interesting aspects of ongoing ozone research are also presented, including comparisons of what has been achieved versus what would have been the state of ozone, climate and UV in the environment if the Protocol had never been in use.