"This authoritative book gathers together a broad range of ideas and topics that define the field. It provides clear, concise, and comprehensive coverage of all aspects of cellular physiology from fundamental concepts to more advanced topics. The Fourth Edition contains substantial new material. Most chapters have been thoroughly reworked. The book includes chapters on important topics such as sensory transduction, the physiology of protozoa and bacteria, and synaptic transmission."--Publisher's website. Sect. I. Biophysical chemistry, metabolism, second messengers, and ultrastructure. Biophysical chemistry of physiological solutions / Jeffrey c. Freedman -- Physiological structure and function of proteins / Matthew R. Pincus -- Cell membranes / Jeffrey C. Freedman -- Ionophores in planar lipid bilayers / Jeffrey C. Freedman -- Cell structure / Michael S. Forbes -- Signal transduction and second messengers / Aldebaran M. Hofer -- Calcium as an intracellular second messenger: mediation by calcium-binding proteins / John R. Dedman and Marcia A. Kaetzel -- Sect. II. Membrane potential, transport physiology, pumps, and exchangers. Diffusion and permeability / Nicholas Sperelakis and Jeffrey C. Freedman -- Origin of resting membrane potentials / Nicholas Sperelakis -- Gibbs-Donnan equilibrium potentials / Nicholas Sperelakis -- Mechanisms of carrier-mediated transport: facilitated diffusion, cotransport and countertransport / Steven M. Grassl -- Active ion transport by ATP-driven ion pumps / Robert A. Farley -- Ca2+ -ATPases / Tracy J. Pritchard, Istvan Edes and Evangelia G. Kranias -- Na+ -Ca2+ exchange currents / John H.B. Bridge, Natalia S. Torres and Michela Ottolia. Intracellular chloride regulation / Francisco J. Alvarez-Leefmans -- Osmosis and regulation of cell volume / Clive M. Baumgarten and Joseph J. Feher -- Intracellular pH regulation / Robert W. Putnam -- Sect. III. Membrane excitability and ion channels. Cable properties and propagation of action potentials / Nicholas sperelakis -- Electrogenesis of membrane excitability / Nicholas Sperelakis -- Patch-clamp techniques / Laura Conforti -- Structure and mechanism of voltage-gated ion channels / Simon Rock Levinson and William A. Sather -- Biology of gap junctions / Richard D. Veenstra -- Regulation of cardiac ion channels by cyclic nucleotide-dependent phosphorylation / Gordon M. Wahler and Nicholas Sperelakis -- Direct regulation of ion channels by GTP-binding proteins / Atsushi Inanobe and Yoshihisa Kurachi -- Developmental changes in ion channels / Takeshi Kobayashi [and others]. Regulation of ion channel localization and activity through interactions with the cytoskeleton / Stephen Lambert -- Why are so many ion channels mechanosensitives? / Catherine E. Morris -- Sect. IV. Ion channels as targets for toxins, drugs, and genetic diseases. Ion channels as targets for toxins / Kenneth M. Blumenthal -- Ion channels as targets for drugs / Seth Robey, Kevin J. Sampson and Robert S. Kass -- Inherited diseases of ion transport / Robert A. Farley -- Sect. V. Synaptic transmission and sensory transduction. Ligand-gated ion channels / Kenneth R. Tovar and Gary L. Westbrook -- Synaptic transmission / Janusz B. Suszkiw -- Excitation-secretion coupling / Nicole Gallo-Payet and Marcel Daniel Payet -- Stimulus-response coupling in metabolic sensor cells / Stan Misler -- Cyclic nucleotide-gated ion channels / Anita L. Zimmerman -- Sensory receptors and mechanotransduction / Andrew S. French and Päivi H. Torkkeli -- Acoustic transduction / Daniel C. Marcus -- Visual transduction / Anita L. Zimmerman -- Gustatory and olfactory sensory transduction / Stephen D. Roper -- Infrared sensory organs / Stephen D. Roper and Michael S. Grace. Electroreceptors and magnetoreceptors / Timothy C. Tricas and Bruce A. Carlson -- Sect. VI. Muscle and other contractile systems. Skeletal muscle excitability / Nicholas Sperelakis, Judith Heiny and Hugo gonzalez-Serratos -- Cardiac action potentials / Gordon M. Wahler -- Smooth muscle excitability / Neil D. Detweiler [and others] -- Excitation-contraction coupling in skeletal muscle / Judith A. Heiny and Gerhard Meissner -- Contraction of muscles: mechanochemistry / Richard J. Paul -- Flagella, cilia, actin- and centrin-based movement / Kenneth W. Foster -- Electrocytes of electric fish / Anthony L. Gotter, Marcia A. Kaetzel and John R. Dedman -- Sect. VII. Protozoa and bacteria. Physiological adaptations of protists / Michael Levandowsky -- Physiology of prokaryotic cells / Dennis W. Grogan -- Sect. VIII. Specialized processes: photosynthesis and bioluminescence. Photosynthesis / Darrell Fleischman -- bioluminescence / J. Woodland Hastings.