Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title An economic analysis of the environmental impact of highway deicing /
Author Murray, Donald M.,
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Ernst, Ulrich F. W.,
CORP Author Abt Associates, Inc., Cambridge, Mass.;Municipal Environmental Research Lab., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory,
Year Published 1976
Report Number EPA-600/2-76-105; EPA-68-03-0442
Stock Number PB-253 268
OCLC Number 02206941
Subjects Roads--Snow and ice control ; Deicing chemicals--Environmental aspects
Additional Subjects Deicers ; Cost analysis ; Damage assessment ; Environmental impacts ; Highways ; Surveys ; Reviews ; Ice control ; Water supply ; Public health ; Vegetation ; Corrosion ; Runoff ; Sodium chloride ; Cost estimates ; Highway bridges ; Bridge decks ; Water pollution ; Degradation ; Automobiles ; Tables(Data) ; Water pollution effects(Materials) ; Calcium chlorides ; Storm runoff
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EHAM  TE220.M88 Region 1 Library/Boston,MA 04/29/2016
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-76-105 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 02/03/2014
EJBD  EPA 600-2-76-105 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/29/2016
ELBD  EPA 600-2-76-105 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 12/19/1997
ESAD  EPA 600-2-76-105 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-253 268 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation ix, 128 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
The study involves an analysis of the cost of damages that result from the use of salt (sodium chloride and calcium chloride) on highways to melt snow and ice. A large literature search and several surveys were carried out in order to determine the types and extent of damages that have occurred. The report contains over 320 references. An in-depth analysis was performed on all of the data obtained. The major cost sectors examined were: Water supplies and health, vegetation, highway structures, vehicles, and utilities. For each of the sectors a cost estimate was developed. The total annual national cost of salt related damage approaches $3 billion dollars or about 15 times the annual national cost for salt purchase and application. While the largest costs result from damage to vehicles, the most serious damage seems to be the pollution of water supplies and the degradation of health which may result. It is particularly difficult to assign costs in this latter area and therefore the estimate may substantially understate the actual indirect costs to society.
"EPA-600/2-76-105." Includes bibliographical references (pages 96-119).