Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog
RECORD NUMBER: 12 OF 20
|OLS Field Name||OLS Field Data|
|Main Title||Health assessment document for cadmium /|
|Author||Grant, L. D. ; Mushak, P. ; Crocetti, A. ; Galke, W.|
|CORP Author||United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office.; United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards.|
|Publisher||National Technical Information Service,|
|Report Number||EPA 600-8-81-023|
|Subjects||Cadmium--Environmental aspects. ; Cadmium--Physiological effect|
|Additional Subjects||Cadmium--Environmental aspects ; Toxicology ; Assessments ; Public health ; Risk ; Exposure ; Metals ; Smoking ; Food ; Concentrations(Composition) ; Physiological effects ; Environmental health ; Heavy metals ; Cigarette smoking ; Bioaccumulation ; Toxic substances ; Health risks|
|Collation||xiv,  pages ; 28 cm|
This document provides a critical assessment of health effects and public health risks associated with environmental exposure to cadmium (Cd). Sources and routes of exposure are discussed and identified. Dose-effect/response relationships and populations at special risk are delineated. Cadmium is naturally present in most environmental media. Major anthropogenic sources are: (1) smelting and mining, (2) certain manufacturing processes, and (3) waste disposal operations. Food is the largest environmental source for most humans, although Cd intake from smoking can equal or exceed Cd intake from food. Acute non-lethal exposure is associated with chronic respiratory effects. However, since most environmental exposures to Cd are of a long-term, low-level type, primary emphasis has been placed on discussing effects of such chronic exposure. Cadmium's accumulation in the kidney results in renal tubular dysfunction after many years of exposure. Estimates of the concentration of Cd in the renal cortex necessary to induce these effects and estimates of exposure necessary to produce the critical renal concentration vary widely, partially due to individual biological variability. Populations at special risk to Cd are cigarette smokers, as well as the older segments of the population (>50 years of age).
Prepared for Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. "October 1981." PB82-115163. Includes bibliographical references. "EPA 600-8-81-023."
This document deals with various aspects of cadmium as an air pollutant. Its purpose is to evaluate the toxic effect of cadmium in man and animals and to assess the potential risk to human health associated with environmental exposure to that element.