Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Health assessment document for cadmium /
Author Grant, L. D. ; Mushak, P. ; Crocetti, A. ; Galke, W.
CORP Author United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office.; United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards.
Publisher National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1981
Report Number EPA 600-8-81-023
Stock Number PB82-115163
OCLC Number 12112434
Subjects Cadmium--Environmental aspects. ; Cadmium--Physiological effect
Additional Subjects Cadmium--Environmental aspects ; Toxicology ; Assessments ; Public health ; Risk ; Exposure ; Metals ; Smoking ; Food ; Concentrations(Composition) ; Physiological effects ; Environmental health ; Heavy metals ; Cigarette smoking ; Bioaccumulation ; Toxic substances ; Health risks
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-8-81-023 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 01/13/2020
EKBD  EPA-600/8-81-023 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 04/11/1997
ELBD  EPA 600-8-81-023 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 01/28/1989
ERAD  EPA 600/8-81-023 2 copies Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 04/18/2016
ESAD  EPA 600-8-81-023 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 04/19/2017
NTIS  PB82-115163 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 01/01/1988
Collation xiv, [362] pages ; 28 cm
This document provides a critical assessment of health effects and public health risks associated with environmental exposure to cadmium (Cd). Sources and routes of exposure are discussed and identified. Dose-effect/response relationships and populations at special risk are delineated. Cadmium is naturally present in most environmental media. Major anthropogenic sources are: (1) smelting and mining, (2) certain manufacturing processes, and (3) waste disposal operations. Food is the largest environmental source for most humans, although Cd intake from smoking can equal or exceed Cd intake from food. Acute non-lethal exposure is associated with chronic respiratory effects. However, since most environmental exposures to Cd are of a long-term, low-level type, primary emphasis has been placed on discussing effects of such chronic exposure. Cadmium's accumulation in the kidney results in renal tubular dysfunction after many years of exposure. Estimates of the concentration of Cd in the renal cortex necessary to induce these effects and estimates of exposure necessary to produce the critical renal concentration vary widely, partially due to individual biological variability. Populations at special risk to Cd are cigarette smokers, as well as the older segments of the population (>50 years of age).
Prepared for Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. "October 1981." PB82-115163. Includes bibliographical references. "EPA 600-8-81-023."
Contents Notes
This document deals with various aspects of cadmium as an air pollutant. Its purpose is to evaluate the toxic effect of cadmium in man and animals and to assess the potential risk to human health associated with environmental exposure to that element.