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Main Title Emission factors and emission source information for primary and secondary copper smelters /
Author Umlauf, George E. ; Wayne., L. G.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Wayne, Lowell G.
CORP Author Pacific Environmental Services, Inc., Santa Monica, Calif.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, N.C. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air, Noise, and Radiation, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards,
Year Published 1977
Report Number EPA 450/3-77/051; EPA-68-02-1890
Stock Number PB-280 377
OCLC Number 40198629
Subjects Air--Pollution--Standards--United States ; Copper industry and trade--Environmental aspects--United States ; Smelting furnaces--Environmental aspects--United States
Additional Subjects Air pollution ; Management planning ; Combustion products ; Industrial wastes ; Smelters ; Sources ; Data analysis ; Process charting ; Design criteria ; Performance evaluation ; Equipment ; Furnaces ; Alloying ; Particles ; Copper smelters ; Emission factors ; Fugitive emissions
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 450-3-77-051 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 04/28/2014
EKBD  EPA-450/3-77/051 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 07/27/2001
ESAD  EPA 450-3-77-051 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-280 377 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 1 v. (various pagings) ; 28 cm.
This document constitutes the final report of a project to upgrade emission factors and engineering management information for primary and secondary copper smelters. The main body of the report describes procedures and methodology used in obtaining relevant information regarding these industries and the operational characteristics of process equipment used therein. Related information regarding alloying and casting has been included in the description secondary copper smelter processes, and information about emissions from similar furnaces used in nonferrous foundry operations was also collected. New information on source tests was coded for entry into the AEROS SOTDAT files; newly identified sources were coded for entry into NEDS, and information as to the precision of emission factors was furnished for use in the SIEFA data base. New source classification codes (SCC's) were proposed for a number of processes.
"EPA-450/3-77-051." EPA contract no. 68-02-1890, task order no. 3; EPA project officer: Arch McQueen. Includes bibliographical references (section 7).