||Modification of an Index of Biotic Integrity Based on Fish Assemblages to Characterize Rivers of the Seine Basin, France.
Oberdorff, T. ;
Hughes., R. M. ;
||Corvallis Environmental Research Lab., OR. ;Museume National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (France). Lab. d'Ichtyologie. ;ManTech Environmental Technology, Inc., Corvallis, OR.
Aquatic ecosystems ;
Seine River ;
Water pollution effects(Animals) ;
Water quality ;
Life cycles ;
Species diversity ;
Index of Biotic Integrity
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
The Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) is a measure of fish assemblage 'health' that has been used to assess catchment and stream quality throughout North America. It reflects human perturbations on natural environmental structures and processes. While preserving the ecological foundation of the original North American metrics, the authors have modified and adapted the IBI to the mainstem Seine River and its major tributaries in France. This successful modification of the IBI to a considerably different fish fauna on a different continent further supports its wider use outside the midwestern United States. Using data collected in 1967, 1981, and 1988-1989 from a total of 46 sites, they show spatial and temporal variation in the Seine as indicated by IBI scores. Statistically significant relationships were found between IBI and catchment area but insignificant relationships existed between IBI and an independent Water Quality Index (WQI) based on water chemistry. Comparisons between the IBI and the WQI indicate that the former is a more sensitive and robust measure of water body quality. Their results demonstrate that the IBI, combined with a statistically designed national monitoring program, would offer a reliable means of assessing spatial patterns and temporal trends in water body improvement or degradation in France. The more primitive fish families in the Basin were affected first by perturbations. These families include all the diadromous species found in the Seine and suggest serious disruption of their life histories. (Copyright (c) 1992 Kluwer Academic Publishers.)