1. The biosphere : Physical geography of the earth ; Primary production in the biosphere ; Hypsographic curve ; Global annual net primary production ; Estimated global carbon budget and biomass totals -- 2. The diversity of organisms : The phylogenetic tree ; Estimated numbers of described species, and possible global total ; Key features of the major groups of living organisms ; New species discoveries ; Improving taxonomic knowledge and capacity -- 3. Biodiversity through time : The four eons of the geological timescale ; Periods and eras of the Phanerozoic ; Animal family diversity through time ; Plant diversity through time ; Frequency of percent extinction per million year period ; Number of family extinctions per geological interval through the Phanerozoic ; The principal mass extinctions in the Phanerozoic fossil record -- 4. Humans, food and biodiversity : Early human dispersal ; Livestock breeds: numbers and status ; FAO world diet classes ; Human population density ; Terrestrial wilderness ; Vertebrate extinctions since AD1500 ; Threatened mammal species ; Critically endangered mammals and birds ; Threatened bird species density ; Human population ; Vertebrate extinctions by period since AD1500 ; Top ten food commodities, ranked by percentage contribution to global food supply ; World diet classes ; Examples of diversity in agricultural systems ; Number of individuals and biomass, selected organisms ; Land converted to cropland ; Estimated large herbivore numbers and biomass in Mesolithic and modern Britain ; Late Pleistocene extinct and living genera of large animals ; Numbers of extinct animal species according to IUCN ; Island diversity at risk: birds ; Threatened species ; Number of threatened animal species in major biomes ; Loss of diversity in agricultural genetic resources ; 'Lazarus species' 5. Terrestrial biodiversity : Photosynthetic activity on land ; Global land cover ; Diversity of vascular plant species ; Biodiversity at country level ; Flowering plant family density ; Terrestrial vertebrate family density ; Current forest distribution ; Non-forest terrestrial ecosystems ; A typical species-area plot ; Global distribution of land area, by latitude bands ; Different definitions of forest cover ; Sample effects on forest area estimates of different forest definitions ; Global area of five main forest types ; Important families and genera, and numbers of species, in four areas of temperate broadleaf deciduous forest ; Biomass and carbon storage in the world's major forest types ; Tree species richness in tropical moist forests ; Estimated annual change in forest cover 1990-2000 ; Global protection of forests within protected areas in IUCN categories I-VI ; Estimated plant species richness in the five regions of Mediterranean-type climate ; Defining ecosystems ; Species and energy ; Fire in temperate and boreal forest ; Temperate forest bird trends ; Grassland bird trends -- 6. Marine biodiversity : Coral reef hotspots ; Shark family diversity ; Marine turtle diversity ; Mangrove diversity ; Seagrass species diversity ; Coral diversity ; Marine fisheries catch and discards ; Species contributing most to global marine fisheries ; Marine fisheries landings by major group ; Global trends in the state of world stocks since 1974 ; Trends in global fisheries catch since 1970 ; Marine aquaculture production ; Marine population trends ; Area and maximum depth of the world's oceans and seas ; Relative areas of continental shelves and open ocean ; Marine diversity by phylum ; Diversity of craniates in the sea by class ; Diversity of fishes in the seas by order ; Marine tetrapod diversity ; Regional distribution of breeding in seabirds ; Diversity of mangroves ; Current mangrove cover ; Diversity of stony corals in the world Scleractinia ; Coral reef area ; Taxonomic distribution and status of threatened marine animals ; Life in sediments ; Marine introductions. 7. Inland water biodiversity : Freshwater fish family diversity ; Major areas of diversity of inland water fish ; Major areas of diversity of inland water mollusks ; Major areas of diversity of selected inland water crustacean groups ; Priority river basins ; Reported global inland fisheries production ; Inland water fish introductions ; Freshwater population trends ; River basin richness and vulnerability ; Changes in condition of sample of freshwater lakes between 1950s and 1980s ; Components of the hydrosphere ; Physical and biodiversity features of major long-lived lakes ; Partial list of global hotspots of freshwater biodiversity ; Insects of inland waters ; Fish diversity in inland waters, by order ; Tetrapod diversity in inland waters ; Major inland fishery countries ; Numbers of threatened freshwater fishes in selected countries ; Taxonomic distribution and status of threatened inland water vertebrates ; Thirty high-priority river basins ; Saline and soda lakes ; Wetland loss in Asian drylands -- 8. Global biodiversity: responding to change : World protected areas ; Centers of plant diversity ; Major areas of amphibian diversity ; Endemic bird areas ; Marine protected areas ; International protected area agreements ; Development of the global network of protected areas ; Possible future scenarios from GEO 3, evaluated with RIVM IMAGE ; Possible future scenarios, GLOBIO ; Major global conventions relevant to biodiversity maintenance ; Pioneering NGOs in biodiversity conversation ; The precautionary principle ; Systematic conservation planning ; Negotiating a multilateral treaty -- Appendices : 1. The phyla of living organisms ; 2. Important food crops ; 3. Domestic livestock ; 4. Recent vertebrate extinctions ; 5. Biodiversity at country level ; 6. Important areas for freshwater biodiversity.