This document, upon approval by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), establishes a Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) for fecal bacteria in the Conococheague Creek watershed (MD basin number 02-14-05-04). Section 303(d) of the federal Clean Water Act (CWA) and EPAs implementing regulations direct each state to identify and list waters, known as water quality limited segments (WQLSs), in which current required controls of a specified substance are inadequate to achieve water quality standards. For each WQLS, states are required to either establish a Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) of the specified substance that the waterbody can receive without violating water quality standards, or demonstrate that water quality standards are being met. The Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE) has identified Conococheague Creek and its tributaries in the State of Marylands (MD) 303(d) List as impaired by fecal bacteria (listed in 2002), high pH (listed in 2002) and sediments (listed in 1996). Conococheague Creek and the tributaries Meadow Brook, Troupe Run, and Rush Run have also been identified as impaired by impacts to biological communities (listed in 2004). Conococheague Creek and all its tributaries have been designated as Use IV-P (Recreational Trout Waters and Public Water Supply). See Code of Maryland Regulations (COMAR) 26.08.02.08Q. This document proposes to establish a TMDL for fecal bacteria in the Conococheague Creek watershed that will allow for attainment of the beneficial use designation of primary contact recreation. The listings for pH, sediments, and impacts to biological communities will be addressed in separate TMDL documents. MDE monitored the Conococheague Creek watershed from 2003-2004 for fecal bacteria. A data solicitation for fecal bacteria was conducted by MDE in 2003, and all readily available data from the past five years were considered.