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RECORD NUMBER: 2 OF 22

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Effects of 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene on Estuarine Macrobenthic Communities Exposed via Water and Sediment.
Author Tagatz, M. E. ; Plaia, G. R. ; Deans, C. H. ;
CORP Author Environmental Research Lab., Gulf Breeze, FL.
Year Published 1985
Report Number EPA/600/J-85/337;
Stock Number PB86-171626
Additional Subjects Toxicology ; Estuaries ; Sediments ; Reprints ; Benzene/trichloro ; Water pollution effects(Animals)
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
NTIS  PB86-171626 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/21/1988
Collation 12p
Abstract
Macrobenthic animal communities that colonized sand-filled aquaria were exposed to 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene (TCB), a recent replacement for polychlorinated biphenyls in the electrical industry. In one test, communities established by planktonic larvae entrained in continuously supplied unfiltered seawater for 50 days were exposed to waterborne TCB for 6 days; in the second, the toxicant was added to the sediment before 8 weeks of colonization. Concentrations that affected community structure were usually two orders of magnitude lower for waterborne TCB than for sediment-bound TCB, but the same types of organisms were affected by each route of exposure. The lowest TCB concentrations (measured) that affected average numbers of individuals exposed via the water were 0.04 mg/liter for mollusks, 0.4 mg/liter for arthropods, and 4 mg/liter for annelids. Average number of species was significantly lower than the control at 4 mg/liter. TCB persisted in sediments, but some leached into water throughout the 8-week exposure via sediment.