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Main Title Helium isotope variations in peridotite, gabbro and basalt from the Kane Oceanic Core Complex /
Author Konrad, Kevin,
Publisher Oregon State University,
Year Published 2012
OCLC Number 881386775
Subjects Helium--Isotopes ; Mid-ocean ridges ; Peridotite ; Gabbro ; Basalt ; Submarine geology
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ELBM  QD181.H4K66 2012 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 06/16/2014
Collation 82 pages : illustrations (some colored) ; 28 cm
Thesis (M.S.)--Oregon State University, 2013. Includes bibliographical references (pages 50-53).
Contents Notes
The Kane Oceanic Core Complex (OCC) is a valuable window into crustal architecture and chemical composition of the lithosphere beneath a slow-spreading ocean ridge. A suite of > 30 samples (comprised of whole rocks, mineral separates and basalt glasses) has been analyzed for p3sHe/p4sHe isotope ratios and He concentrations. Gas extraction experiments included crushing in vacuum, step heating and fusion in a high-vacuum furnace. We found p3sHe/p4sHe in the two freshest peridotites (harzburgite and olivine websterite) to be identical to ratios measured in basalt glasses collected from the Kane fracture zone-ridge axis intersection (8.4-8.7 R[subscript A]). Notably, the freshest and least deformed peridotite (a porphyroclastic harzburgite) has the highest helium content of any of the OCC ultramafic rocks (170 ncc STP/g), while the majority of its helium (70%) is released only upon melting. Lower helium contents (1-45 ncc STP/g) and more variable p3sHe/p4sHe (2.0-6.3 R[subscript A]) are found in other more altered/deformed peridotite samples (whole rocks, clinopyroxene and orthopyroxene separates). For example, three mylonitized peridotites have lower helium contents compared to the less deformed peridotites. Troctolite intrusions from the Adam and Eve Domes appear to record very late-stage melt impregnation fed through dunite conduits near the MOHO. p3sHe/p4sHe in these troctolites overlaps with values in the fresh peridotites and axial basalts, but extends to slightly higher values (8.6-9.0 RA). Collectively, fresh Kane peridotites and troctolites having He concentrations above 10 ncc STP/g show p3sHe/p4sHe ratios of 8.4-9.0 RA that are higher than the median value (8.0-8.2 R[subscript A]) for mid-ocean ridge basalts. This suggests that domains of depleted upper mantle in the Kane region tend to have p3sHe/p4sHe ratios of 9 RA or higher, similar to what is observed in the most trace-element depleted MORBs globally. Kane gabbroic rocks are more variable in p3sHe/p4sHe. A subset of gabbros show systematically lower p3sHe/p4sHe ratios (0.9-7.2 R[subscript A]), with He concentrations of 1-24 ncc STP/g, reflecting the increased importance of atmospheric and radiogenic components in several cases. Nonetheless, two whole rock gabbroic samples plus an amphibole separate have p3sHe/p4sHe ratios of 7.6-8.0 R[subscript A] and He contents between 13 and 57 ncc STP/g. Variation in the sampling of a lithologically heterogeneous mantle source by the partial melting process may account for the observed p3sHe/p4sHe variability of 7.6-9.0 R[subscript A] in peridotite, gabbro and basalt in the Kane area.