Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Evaluation of saliva and artificial salivary fluids for removal of pesticide residues from human skin /
Author Camann, D. E. ; Majumdar, T. K. ; Geno, P. W.
CORP Author Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX. ;ManTech Environmental Technology, Inc., Research Triangle Park, NC.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. National Exposure Research Lab.
Publisher Southwest Research Institute,
Year Published 2000
Report Number EPA/600/R-00/041; EPA-68-D5-0049
Stock Number PB2000-105542
Subjects Pesticides in the body. ; Saliva--Analysis.
Additional Subjects Artificial saliva ; Saliva ; Removal ; Pesticide residues ; Skin(Anatomy) ; Pyrethrins ; Dursban ; Piperonyl butoxide ; Hand ; Transferring ; Efficiency ; Propyl alcohol ; Dioctyl sulfosuccinates ; Insecticides ; Pesticides
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB2000-105542 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 01/01/1988
Collation 86 pages : graphs ; 28 cm
This report presents results of a study to determine the removal efficiencies of three common home-use pesticides from the skin with human saliva and artificial saliva substitutes. Three popular residential pesticides (chlorpyrifos, pyrethrin I, and piperonyl butoxide) were tested at microgram levels on volunteer participants' hands. Each was found to be removed with approximately 50% efficiency by cotton gauze moistened with either human saliva, an artificial mucin-based dental saliva, or a 1.3% aqueous dioctylsulfosuccinate (DSS) surfactant. The DSS-moistened wipe may remove pyrethrin I and piperonyl butoxide from hands with slightly greater efficiency than wipes moistened with human or artificial saliva. This efficiency of removal is believed to approximate the efficiency of removal of pesticide residues from the skin of infants and toddlers by mouthing activity.
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 202-217). Microfiche.