Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Investigation of selected potential environmental contaminants : Ethylene Glycol, Propylene Glycols and Butylene Glycols /
Author Miller, Lynne M.
CORP Author Franklin Research Center, Philadelphia, PA. Science Information Services Organization.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Toxic Substances.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1979
Report Number EPA-560 11-79-006; EPA-68-01-3893
Stock Number PB80-109119
OCLC Number 07802722
Subjects Hazardous substances
Additional Subjects Hazardous substances ; Environmental surveys ; Ethylene glycol ; Chemical industry ; Toxicology ; Air pollution ; Animals ; Public health ; Oxygen organic compounds ; Antifreezes ; Antiicing additives ; Isomers ; Humans ; Toxicity ; Degradation ; Industrial wastes ; Sources ; Utilization ; Chemical properties ; Physical properties ; Manufacturing ; Marketing ; Metabolism ; Dosage ; Water pollution ; Regulations ; Standards ; Exposure ; Biological effects ; Propanediol ; Butanediol ; Toxic substances ; Path of pollutants ; Liquid wastes
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 560-11-79-006 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 01/06/2020
ELBD RPS EPA 560-11-79-006 repository copy AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/17/2014
NTIS  PB80-109119 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation xvii, 249 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
This report reviews aspects of production, use, environmental exposure and biological effects of ethylene glycol, two isomers of propylene glycol (1,2- and 1,3-propanediol) and four isomers of butylene glycol (1,3-, 1,4-, 2,3-, and 1,2- butanediol). Annual production of ethylene glycol is about 3.7 billion pounds for use primarily in antifreeze and polyester fiber. About 0.5 billion pounds of 1,2-propanediol are produced per year for use in polyester resins, food, pharmaceuticals, and cellophane. Annual domestic demand for 1,4-butanediol is about 0.2 billion pounds for use in the production of tetra-hydrofuran and acetylenic chemicals. The other title glycols are of less importance commercially. The major source of environmental contamination by ethylene glycol and 1,2-propanediol is likely from the disposal of spent antifreeze and de-icing fluids. However, limited monitoring data make it difficult to adequately assess environmental exposure to the glycols. The glycols are capable of being degraded by a variety of acclimated and unacclimated soil, water, and sewage microorganisms. In humans, ethylene glycol intoxication, usually as a result of accidental ingestion of antifreeze, may result in nausea, hypertension, tachycardia, cardiopulmonary failure, renal impairment, coma and death. 1,2-Propanediol is a GRAS food additive of low toxicity. 1,3-Butanediol has been studied as a source of dietary energy. Few studies are available on 1,2-, 2,3- and 1,4-butanediol or on 1,3-propanediol.
May 1979. PB80-109119. EPA-560 11-79-006.