"Over the past 20 years dramatic declines have taken place in UK insect populations. Eventually, such declines must have knock-on effects for other animals, especially high profile groups such as birds and mammals. This authoritative, yet accessible account details the current state of the wildlife in Britain and Ireland and offers an insight into the outlook for the future. Written by a team of the country's leading experts, it appraises the changes that have occurred in a wide range of wildlife species and their habitats and outlines urgent priorities for conservation. It includes chapters on each of the vertebrate and major invertebrate groups, with the insects covered in particular depth. Also considered are the factors that drive environmental change and the contribution at local and government level to national and international wildlife conservation. Essential reading for anyone who is interested in, and concerned about, UK wildlife"-- Climate change / T.H. Sparks, C.D. Preston and D.B. Roy -- Agriculture, woodland and semi-natural habitats / Ken Norris -- Vertebrate animal introductions / Christopher Lever -- Plant introductions / Andrew Lack -- Urbanisation and development / Kevin J. Gaston and Karl L. Evans -- The great game : the interaction of field sports and conservation in Britain from the 1950s to 2008 / Robin Sharp -- Going fishing : recent trends in recreational angling / Robin Sharp and Norman Maclean -- Impacts of hormone-disrupting chemicals on wildlife / C.R. Tyler and R.M. Goodhead -- Water pollution : other aspects / Michael Hughes and Carl Sayer -- Twenty-five key questions in ecology / Norman Maclean -- Conservation in action in Britain and Ireland / Andy Clements -- Wildlife in the UK Overseas Territories / Mike Pienkowski -- The United Kingdom's role in international conservation / N. Leader-Williams and A.M. Rosser -- Mammals in the twentieth century / D.W. Yalden -- Bats / Karen A. Haysom, Gareth Jones, Dan Merrett and Paul A. Racey -- State of bird populations in Britain and Ireland / Robert A. Robinson -- The conservation of the grey partridge / N.W. Sotherton, N.J. Aebischer and J.A. Ewald -- Reptiles / Chris P. Gleed-Owen -- Amphibians / Tim Halliday -- Freshwater fishes : a declining resource / Peter S. Maitland and John F. Craig -- Riverflies / Cyril Bennett and Warren Gilchrist -- Bumblebees / Dave Goulson -- Butterflies / J.A. Thomas -- Moths / Richard Fox, Kelvin F. Conrad, Mark S. Parsons, Martin S. Warren and Ian P. Woiwod -- Dragonflies (Odonata) in Britain and Ireland / Peter Mill, Steve Brooks and Adrian Parr -- Flies, beetles and bees, wasps and ants (Diptera, Coleoptera, and aculeate Hymenoptera) / Alan Stubbs -- Hemiptera / Alan J.A. Stewart and Peter Kirby -- Grasshoppers, crickets and allied insects / Judith Marshall -- Aerial insect biomass : trends from long-term monitoring / Richard Harrington, Chris R. Shortall and Ian P. Woiwod -- Other invertebrates / Richard Chadd and Brian Eversham -- Land and freshwater molluscs / Ian J. Killeen -- The seashore / S.J. Hawkins, H.E. Sugden, P.S. Moschella, N. Mieszkowska, R.C. Thompson and M.T. Burrows -- The offshore waters / John Baxter -- Plants / Andrew Lack -- Conclusion : what is the likely future for the wildlife in Britain and Ireland? / Norman Maclean.