Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title An evaluation of control needs for the nitrogen fertilizer industry /
Author Hincman, Philip S. ; Spawn, Peter
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Spawn, Peter.
CORP Author GCA Corp., Bedford, MA. GCA Technology Div.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory ; National Technical Information Service [distributor],
Year Published 1979
Report Number EPA-600/2-79-186
Stock Number PB80-102866
OCLC Number 08353993
Subjects Nitrogen fertilizers--Environmental aspects ; Fertilizer industry--United States
Additional Subjects Air pollution control ; Fertilizers ; Nitrogen ; Water pollution control ; Manufacturing ; Nitrogen oxides ; Particles ; Ammonium nitrate ; Urea ; Technology ; Ammonia ; Aerosols ; Sources ; Substitutes ; Process charting ; Design ; Performance evaluation ; Stationary sources
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EKBD  EPA-600/2-79-186 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 07/04/2003
ELBD RPS EPA 600-2-79-186 repository copy AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 11/25/2019
ELBD  EPA 600-2-79-186 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 05/15/2020
ERAD  EPA 600/2-79-186 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 10/01/2012
ESAD  EPA 600-2-79-186 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB80-102866 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation ix, 81 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
The report gives results of an evaluation of pollution control needs for the nitrogen fertilizer industry. It includes descriptions of ammonia, ammonium nitrate, and urea manufacturing processes and evaluations of existing processes, pollution control techniques, and emissions. It also evaluates existing and potential pollution conrol techniques, processes, and alternative feedstocks as they apply to manufacturing ammonia, ammonium nitrate, and urea for additional pollution control and emission reduction. Air emission and water effluent controls were examined for each process. Source severity factors were used to evaluate the environmental significance of emission sources. The most significant emission problems associated with the industry are (1) oxides of nitrogen from the addition of purge gas and overhead to primary reformer firing in ammonia synthesis, and (2) particulates from prilling towers in ammonium nitrate and urea production. Further work is needed to develop adequate control techniques for these pollutant sources. All other pollutant sources for this industry can be adequately controlled by existing technology.
"GCA/Technology Division." "August 1979." Includes bibliographical references. "Contract no. 68-02-2607, task no. 12, program element no. 1AB604B."