Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Greenhouse Gases from Small-Scale Combustion in Developing Countries: A Pilot Study in Manila.
Author Smith, K. R. ; Rasmussen, R. A. ; Manegdeg, F. ; Apte, M. ;
CORP Author Alliance Technologies Corp., Chapel Hill, NC. ;East-West Environment and Policy Inst., Honolulu, HI. ;Philippines Univ., Diliman, Quezon City. Coll. of Engineering. ;Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Air and Energy Engineering Research Lab.
Publisher Jan 92
Year Published 1992
Report Number EPA-68-D9-0173; EPA/600/R-92/005;
Stock Number PB92-139369
Additional Subjects Greenhouse effect ; Air pollution sampling ; Stoves ; Biomass ; Emission factors ; Concentration(Composition) ; Developing countries ; Philippines ; Fuel substitutes ; Carbon dioxide ; Health hazards ; Global warming ; Carbon monoxide ; Methane ; Nitrogen oxide(N2O) ; Non-methane hydrocarbons ; Alkanes ; Alkenes ; Terpenes ; Organic compounds ; Manila(Philippines) ; Small systems
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB92-139369 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 75p
The report gives results of sampling of combustion gases released by household cookstoves in Manila, Philippines. In a total of 24 samples, 14 cookstoves were tested, fueled by liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), kerosene (three kinds of stoves), charcoal, and wood. Five ambient samples were analyzed for carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), total non-methane organic compounds (TNMOCs), total alkanes, total alkenes, terpenes, total non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHCs), 88 individual hydrocarbons, total unidentified hydrocarbons, three chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), and five other halocarbons. Results generally confirm increasing emissions for nearly every measured contaminant of fuels, moving down the energy ladder from gaseous to liquid to processed solid to unprocessed solid. The detailed speciation provided can potentially assist in predicting health risks from such emissions. Although the sample size was far too small to give much confidence in the results, extrapolation of the emission ratios (each gas relative to CO2) to global estimates indicates that published global inventories of several gases important to atmospheric chemistry may be somewhat too small for the fuelwood combustion category. The greenhouse impact of non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions may rival or exceed those from CO2 alone, when weighted.