Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Water and alcohol use in automotive diesel engines /
Author Donnelly, J. J.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
White, H. M.
Publisher U.S. Dept. of Energy, Office of Vehicle and Engine R & D,
Year Published 1983
Report Number DOE/CS/50286-4
OCLC Number 10855188
Subjects Alcohol as fuel ; Diesel motor ; Emulsions ; Diesel Fuels--ntissc ; Emulsification--ntissc ; Fuel Consumption--ntissc ; Fuel Economy--ntissc ; Fuel Substitution--ntissc ; Fumigants--ntissc ; Ignition--ntissc ; Thermal Efficiency--ntissc ; Transportation Sector--ntissc ; ERDA/330102--ntissc ; ntisscDE--ntissc ; Combustion, Engines, and Propellants--Reciprocating and Rotating Combustion Engines--ntissc ; Transportation--Road Transportation--ntissc
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ELCD  DOE/CS/50286-4 NVFEL Library/Ann Arbor, MI 01/10/2003 STATUS
Collation xxii, 171 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
"Alternative Fuels Utilization Program." "September, 1983." "Under DOE/AFSC Interagency Agreement No. Al01-82CS50286 and Contract No. F04701-82-C-0083." Includes bibliographical references. Microfiche.
Contents Notes
A review has been made of the current technology of water and alcohol use in automotive diesel engines. Emphasis has been placed on assessing engine test results for seven methods of using alcohols as supplements or complete replacements for petroleum-based diesel fuel. The methods investigated include the dual-fuel techniques of emulsification, blending, fumigation, and dual-injection, and the monofuel techniques of cetane number improvement, spark ignition, and ignition by electrically heated surfaces or glow plugs. With the exceptions of alcohol/diesel fuel blends and heated surface ignition, all methods have been applied to prototype vehicles and proved successful to some extent in field tests of cars, trucks, buses, or tractors. The changes observed, relative to normal diesel fuel use, in power, fuel consumption, thermal efficiency, and exhaust emissions are documented. Other factors evaluated include diesel fuel displacement by alcohol in specific vehicles and projections of potential domestic fuel savings throughout the transportation sector; fuel cost increases; changes in vehicle system hardware, durability, driveability, and safety; and additional study needs.