Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Acid Rain Program. Compliance Report, 1999.
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Acid Rain Div.
Publisher Jul 2000
Year Published 2000
Report Number EPA/430/R-00/007;
Stock Number PB2001-103148
Additional Subjects Air pollution control ; Standards compliance ; Electric utilities ; Fossil-fuel power plants ; Boilers ; Coal-fired gas turbines ; Combustion products ; Acid rain ; Air pollution sources ; Sulfur dioxide ; Nitrogen oxides ; Air pollution effects ; Air pollution standards ; Acid Rain Program ; National Ambient Air Quality Standards ; Air pollution abatement ; Emission rates ; Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB2001-103148 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 10/17/2002
Collation 136p
1999 proved to be another successful year for both the Acid Rain Program's rate-based approach to NOX reduction and cap-and-trade approach to SO2 reduction. In 1999, all Phase I affected utility units not only met their compliance goals, but exceeded them, achieving an overall reduction of 423,857 tons of NOX from 1990 levels, and maintaining the extraordinary reductions of more than 5 million tons of SO2 from 1980 levels, first achieved in 1995. Additionally, the 274 Phase II NOx early election units had increased emissions of two percent since 1990, while their utilization increased by 28 percent during the same period. Exceedance of compliance goals translates into additional environmental and health benefits. For example, the greater and earlier reductions of SO2 have resulted in a 10 - 25 percent drop in rainfall acidity in the Northeast in 1995 through 1997 since the beginning of Phase I. One factor mitigating the benefit of the over compliance in the SO2 program, of course, is the ability to use banked allowances in the future. The 40 percent of 1995 allowances, 35 percent of 1996 allowances, 23 percent of 1997 allowances, 24 percent of 1998 allowances, and 29 percent of 1999 allowances that were not retired for compliance purposes can be used to cover emissions in a later year. However, receiving health and environmental benefits earlier may be of greater value than receiving those benefits several years from now.