Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title A tradeoff model for selecting and evaluating regional air quality control strategies : a working note /
Author Mikolowksy, W.T.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Projectofficerlastname, Firstname.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1973
Report Number WN-8362-EPA
OCLC Number 745897014
Subjects Air quality--Mathematical models ; Air quality management--Evaluation
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EKBD  WN-8362-EPA Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 08/15/2011
Collation ix, 39 p. : ill., charts; 28 cm.
Cover title. "September 1973." "This Note is intended only to transmit preliminary research results to a Rand sponsor and may not be distributed without the approval of that sponsor. Views or conclusions expressed herein may be tentative and do not necessarily represent the opinion of the sponsor."--Cover. Includes bibliographical references. "WN-8362-EPA."
Contents Notes
The computer-based strategy tradeoff model has been developed to evaluate alternative strategiesfor meeting regional air quality standards, to help select minimum total cost strategies, and to analyze (parametrically) the sensitivity of the results to key assumptions. Data requirements are modest. The user specifies the air quality standard to be achieved plus a menu of possible strategy components and the tradeoff model then finds the combination of strategy components that meets the desired air quality standard for the minimum total cost (expenditures plus the social cost of trips foregone). It also calculates a variety of other impacts. Regional air quality control strategies are considered by the tradeoff model to consist of three primary components. These are additoinal fixed source controls, retrofit emission control devices and inspection/maintenance programs for in-use vehicles, and transportation management controls. The cost and effectiveness of the fixed source controls and various in-use vehicle retrofit-inspection/maintenance strategies are determined by separate analysis, and are subequently provided as inputs to the tradoff model. Tradeoff incorporates the Policy-Oriented Transportation Model as a subroutine and uses it to estimate the impacts of the transprotation management controls. These controls include bus system improvements, regional mileage surcharges or limitation, induced changes in auto occupancy, and induced changes in traffic congestion. Section I. Introduction -- Section II. Determing the emission constraint -- Section III. Strategy-evaluation mode -- Section IV. Strategy-selection mode -- Section V. Concluding remarks.