Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title An investigation of ion removal from water and wastewater /
Author Starkey, Jr, R. J. ; Kub, M. E. ; Binks, A. E. ; Jain., K. K.
CORP Author General Electric Co., Philadelphia, Pa.;National Environmental Research Center, Corvallis, Oreg.
Publisher Office of Research and Development : For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off.,
Year Published 1973
Report Number EPA-660/3-74-022; EPA-68-01-0904
Stock Number PB-240 158
OCLC Number 01458990
Subjects Water--Purification. ; Water--Purification--Ion exchange process.
Additional Subjects Coagulation ; Adsorption ; Dialysis ; Sewage treatment ; Ions ; Aluminum oxide ; Alums ; Performance evaluation ; Anions ; Cations ; Organic compounds ; Phosphorus inorganic compounds ; Polyelectrolytes ; Efficiency ; Nitrogen organic compounds ; Inorganic nitrates ; Ammonia ; Water pollution control
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 660-3-74-022 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 07/09/2012
EJBD  EPA 660-3-74-022 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 12/30/2014
EKAM  QP82.2.P6E2 1974, no. 22 Region 4 Library/Atlanta,GA 05/10/1997
ESBD  EPA-660-3-74-022 CPHEA/PESD Library/Corvallis,OR 09/27/2017
NTIS  PB-240 158 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 01/01/1988
Collation ix, 116 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm.
Three standardized techniques (capillary membrane dialysis, alumina adsorption, alum/polyelectrolyte coagulation) have been compared under laboratory conditions to determine their relative effectiveness in removing a broad spectrum of nutrients, cations, and anions from freshly collected samples of stream water and wastewater effluent (secondary and tertiary). Of these alumina adsorption was highly effective in removal of phosphorus, inorganic carbon, as well as most cations with concomitant reduction of specific conductance and hardness. High Kjeldahl and ammonia nitrogen removal efficiencies of alumina were only observed in samples of wastewater in which pre-treatment concentrations were relatively high. Dialysis occupied an intermediate position in respect to cation removal, but produced results equivalent to alumina adsorption in respect to inorganic carbon. Superiority of dialysis in removal of sodium, potassium, chloride, nitrate-nitrite, boron, and dissolved solids is reported. Alum/polyelectrolyte (Betz no. 1150) proved to be effective in removing phosphorus from all waters tested, but was highly ineffective in respect to all other parameters tested.
Prepared for Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under Contract 68-01-0904, program element 1BA031, Roap/Task 21 AJE 26. Includes bibliographical references (pages 87-88).